Research has found that it takes between 5-7 years, on average, to learn a new language and ESL Students tend to progress through five stages of language acquisition. A recent NYS Bilingual Common Core Initiative labels these five stages (progressions) as: Entering, Emerging, Transitioning, Expanding and Commanding. Beginner students respond well to comprehensible input and scaffolding strategies. We start at the student’s language proficiency level and build on background knowledge and experience. We then expand on students’ home languages, culture, and prior knowledge to make content meaningful and to accelerate language transfer. Other strategies include scaffolding, pre-teaching vocabulary, and the use of graphic organizers and bilingual picture dictionaries. Technology is also important, and there are many great sites for ELLs.