Great Grammar Book!

I've been reading Erica Meltzer's "Guide to SAT Grammar" over the summer. It's full of interesting tips. Do you know when to use who and when to use whom? Don't worry. It doesn't come up on the test.


Who and whoever are subject forms and whom and whomever are object forms.
These ‘annoying’ pronouns need to be tested in the clause to which they apply.

A useful rule is to ignore all the words in the sentence up to who / whom and then consider only the next part of the sentence, rewording if needed. Test out the case required by substituting he / him or she / her (or they / them). For example:

  • They will give the award to whoever / whomever deserves it.
  • Cut the first part to leave: whoever / whomever deserves it.
  • Replace who / whom with he / him or she / her: she deserves it.
  • Since she deserves it sounds better than her, a subject is required, and whoever is correct.
Note: Remove parenthetical expression (I think, we believe, it is said etc.) before testing
who and whom.


Barrie-John M.

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