Do not be afraid to start teaching mind mapping in the early grades. It can be started in the third grade with an able student and needs to be started in the fourth grade with paragraph writing. It works very well if you are teaching paragraph with support. This technique provides a visual for the student to use as he or she writes the paragraph. I usually have one student put it on the board as the others follow writing their own and looking at the sample. For tutoring you can use a white board. It works really well for the map.