Roots, bases, prefixes, and suffixes are the building blocks of the English language. Master these, and you're well on your way to mastering the English language.
Here are some samples to get you started. See how many you can think of or identify.
1. Base: photo (light) photography (light writing, writing with light) photosynthesis (light processing) How many more can you come up with?
2. Base: graph (write) biography (writing about someone's life) autobiography (self writing, writing about one's own life) How many more can you come up with?