Keys For Writers

Critical Thinking:

  • Do close readings
  • Question and challenge
  • Write as you read
  • Keep reading journals (using journalists questions) and write summaries and reactions
  • Remember that readers will read critically what you write

· Free writing

· Brainstorming

· Mapping

· Doing Research

· E-mail Conversations

Asking about Purpose:

  • Is your main purpose consist of explaining an idea or provide information (expository writing)?
  • Does your main purpose lead through “persuasive writing”?
  • Is your main purpose to describe an experiment or detailed process to report lab reports as in “ scientific or technical writing”?
  • Is your main purpose to record and express your own experience, observations ideas and feelings known in “expressive, autobiographical, or personal writing”? “
  • Is your main purpose a part of original work of art as in “ creative writing”?

Audience and Discourse Community; Assessing Your Readers Expectations:

  • Who will read your piece of writing?
  • What kinds of texts do your readers usually read and write, and what are the conventions of them?
  • Will the readers expect informal or formal language?
  • What characteristics does your readers have in common?
  • Is your instructor your main reader?




(For exploration w/in that subject area)


(That concerns the writer)


(The writer’s clam or statement of opinion of main idea in answer to the question.)

  • Prepare outlines
  • Try to overcome writer’s block
  • To prepare a thesis a writer can write collaboratively

If the writer is assign to writing a paper on a topic he/she is not interested in the writer is advised to read as much as they can until something strikes their interest.

Developing A Draft:

  • Plan the steps and set the schedule
  • Begin by writing the essay parts for which you already some specific material
  • Write in increments of 20 or 30 minutes to take of momentum
  • Write your first draft as quickly and fluently as you can
  • Avoid obvious, vague or empty generalizations like “All people have feelings.” Be specific, and include interesting supporting details.
  • Save all your notes and drafts until your writing is completed and until the course is over

· Developing ideas

· Give examples

· Tell a story

· Describe w/ details appealing to the senses

· Develop a point by providing facts and statistics

· Analyze component parts

· Classify people or objects into groups

· Compare and contrast

Beginning a New Paragraph:

  • Introducing a new point
  • To expand on a point already made by offering new examples or evidence
  • To break up a long discussion or description into manageable chunks that readers can assimilate


Loryn, Thank you for your kind words on "Keys for Writers" blog. As an English graduate I want to try to spread what I learned to other tutors. Angela


Angela H.

A Literature and Writing Major To Tutor

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