- Do close readings
- Question and challenge
- Write as you read
- Keep reading journals (using journalists questions) and write summaries and reactions
- Remember that readers will read critically what you write
· Free writing
· Doing Research
· E-mail Conversations
Asking about Purpose:
- Is your main purpose consist of explaining an idea or provide information (expository writing)?
- Does your main purpose lead through “persuasive writing”?
- Is your main purpose to describe an experiment or detailed process to report lab reports as in “ scientific or technical writing”?
- Is your main purpose to record and express your own experience, observations ideas and feelings known in “expressive, autobiographical, or personal writing”? “
- Is your main purpose a part of original work of art as in “ creative writing”?
Audience and Discourse Community; Assessing Your Readers Expectations:
- Who will read your piece of writing?
- What kinds of texts do your readers usually read and write, and what are the conventions of them?
- Will the readers expect informal or formal language?
- What characteristics does your readers have in common?
- Is your instructor your main reader?
(For exploration w/in that subject area)
(That concerns the writer)
(The writer’s clam or statement of opinion of main idea in answer to the question.)
- Prepare outlines
- Try to overcome writer’s block
- To prepare a thesis a writer can write collaboratively
If the writer is assign to writing a paper on a topic he/she is not interested in the writer is advised to read as much as they can until something strikes their interest.
Developing A Draft:
- Plan the steps and set the schedule
- Begin by writing the essay parts for which you already some specific material
- Write in increments of 20 or 30 minutes to take of momentum
- Write your first draft as quickly and fluently as you can
- Avoid obvious, vague or empty generalizations like “All people have feelings.” Be specific, and include interesting supporting details.
- Save all your notes and drafts until your writing is completed and until the course is over
· Developing ideas
· Give examples
· Tell a story
· Describe w/ details appealing to the senses
· Develop a point by providing facts and statistics
· Analyze component parts
· Classify people or objects into groups
· Compare and contrast
Beginning a New Paragraph:
- Introducing a new point
- To expand on a point already made by offering new examples or evidence
- To break up a long discussion or description into manageable chunks that readers can assimilate