In an isotonic eccentric contraction, the muscle is lengthening under tension, as the muscle insertion is pulled by a load away from the origin. Isotonic contraction of a muscle produces a movement at the joint of the muscle with the bone, the insertion end of the muscle moves relative to the point...
Exothermic reaction will generate heat in surroundings.
It is first well-developed civilization in Asian sub continent, the archaeological remnants provide evidence of well-developed housing, tools for daily living and fine arts skills.
Many parts of skeletal system first develop as soft cartilage for the functional purpose: such flexibility of fetus for passage through birth canal.
Eventually, the neonate (new born) develops and becomes stronger. During this phase chondroblast stop differentiating int...
In absence of adequate Oxygen, cells use Phsophocreatine (PCR)as energy source, it produces lactate as byproduct. Cells usually gather more Oxygen while this anaerobic pathway is working and lactate is broken down or rather recycled to produce ATP. Physical training (exercise) conditions body to...
it depends on the type of stem cells: totipotent, pluripotent, multipotent or committed progenitor stem cells. Here is what I teach in the class room:
Totipotent Stem Cells
Capable of generating an entire organism
Capable of generating embryonic and extra-embryonic...
Gut microbiome is an important indicator of number of physiological functions (digestion, susceptibility to infection, allergic reactions etc.); it comes under environmental selection pressure and is being considered significant for bio-marker analysis during certain...
The seeds did not have the right growth conditions: temperature, soil and water/oxygen.
Warm and moist soils provide right condition for seeds to germinate and develop into seedling.
Bowl on the shelf did not provide right conditions to induce germination...
Somatic mutations are acquired through exposure to mutagens in somatic cells of the body.
They will not be inherited unless a similar damage has happened in eggs or sperms due to the same exposure to mutagen, In that case, progeny might show the mutation.
Physiology is function and its mechanism/pathway that leads to completion of function.
You may start with the biological function that you find most intriguing, learn the organ systems and organs involved in this function, then their structural variation...
Second part of the question appears to be a trick, coding strand is never 3’-xxx-5’
TGG.CAA.TTT.GTA Trp, Gln, Phe, Val,
TGC.CCG.TTA.GTA Cys, Pro, Leu, Val
GTG.TAC.ATA.GTA Val, Tyr, ile, Val
While all the cells have same genome and DNA, their transcription is cell and tissue type specific. For instance, eye cells will not make the enzyme that pancreas cells will make. mRNA for pancreatic enzymes will only be transcribed in pancreatic cells, it would not be made in any other cell types...
here is a link to peer reviewed review article on heat distribution during microwave cooking:
Vadivambal, R. & Jayas, D.S. Food Bioprocess Technol (2010) 3: 161. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11947-008-0136-0
This would give you correct answer for different kind of micrwaves,...
Please make a punnet square:
Parental genotypes are S/s for both parents since they are heterzygous.
S SS Ss
Herbivorous animals such as cows and horses will be abundant in areas with vast grasslands.
Birds with long pointed beak would inhabit the ares where trees produce fruits with seeds that they can pick with their beaks.
Large trees provide shade for running animals...
Four levels of protein structures are:
Primay; composed of 1 to 20 amino acids as peptides
Secondary: peptides joined together in covalent bonds forming secondary protein structure
Tertiary: 3 Dimensional structure of protein such as globular proteins:...
Nucleus is the site of chromatin and chromosomes both.
Cell during resting phase/interphase or S1/S2, G1/G2 only has chromatin.
During M phase or at onset of cell division, chromatin unwinds and chromosome become apparent.
Chromatin is made of DNA wound...
Neurons with axons and dendrite for propagation of nerve impulse.
Smooth muscle cells with spindle like shape, adapted to contribute to involuntary contraction in range of vessels in the body: intestine, arteries and veins, trachea, bronchi etc, renal tubules and so on.
DNA ladder markers that are commonly used are 123 bp ladder and 1 kb ladder. I do not know which one you are using.
pBluescript is about 3 kb and therefore plasmids with insert size 125, 564, 2027, 2322, will be as follows:
The active site of enzyme would not bind perfectly to this reactant molecule, it would be a sub optimal binding of enzyme molecule to reactant. However, since active site of the enzyme would be occupied, it would not be able to bind to correct substrate and do its function. Therefore, enzyme reaction...