It is called peer review to make sure that proper control has been executed in experiments, experiments have adequate replicates and data is consistent, researchers have used all the prior published information to design their experiments and interpret the results.
Both are enzymes specific for their respective substrates.
Enzymes are proteins that break down their respective specific substrates at right temperature and pH. For instance, lactase is specific for lactose sugar.
Assuming that scientist is looking for creating the best strain of corn, the answer would be:
recombination to produce hybrid vigor.
The new strain would have higher viability, reproducibility and growth rate in comparison to two parental strains.
in an enzyme-substrate reaction, substrate is broken down or digested by the enzyme.
Vmax refers to the maximum speed at which substrate is digested/broken down and is converted into a byproduct of the reaction.
If there are more enzyme molecules than substrate molecules then rate of enzyme reaction would be faster since all substrate molecules would be simultaneously acted upon by enzyme molecules.
Each molecule of enzyme breaks a molecule of substrate, increasing enzyme molecules...
Bile works on breaking down fats and therefore, in absence of bile lipid metabolism will be negatively affected and fatty acids will not be absorbed.
Hope this helps.
Generally ulcers in intestinal lining including small intestine and stomach, pyloric sphincter in stomach as well as any other lining of digestive canal. Tissue and cell types depend on the severity of the ulcers, sometimes they are superficial and confined to epithelial lining. Sometimes they are...
mRNA sequence is translated into protein where amino acids are picked up based on mRNA sequence.
Individual tRNAs carry each amino acid, each tRNA is specific for one amino acid only.
This 12 nucleotide sequence encodes for 4 amino acids if...
Animal cells destroy toxic particles by combination of endocytosis, lysosome digestion and exocytosis.
Firstly, cell encircles the toxin in a small vesicle by endocytosis. If cell senses that toxin in vicinity then cell membrane creates projections around it to...
It is the preserved specimen (plant, animal or sometimes simply the shell/skeleton/stem and branches that are buried in earth in between stones or heavy layers of sediment.
Assuming that your question pertain to human sex determination, here is the answer:
In humans and most mammals, females have XX ( two X chromosomes) and they are homozygous for X chromosome.
In humans and most mammals, males have XY, ( one X...
Three parent baby is a baby where two biological parents contribute genome through their sperm and egg for the zygote to morula to blastocyst to embryo to fetus to baby.
Blastocyst is implanted in the uterus of a mother different than biological mother, this foster mother becomes...
It is epithelial lining of the conducting zone and the mucus lubricating it, they trap dirt particles, allergens and most bacteria from inhaled air so that cleanest possible air enters the lungs for gaseous exchange by alveoli.
Blood transports nutrients, oxygen and wastes including carbon-dioxide through network of arteries and veins!
Gene mutation could be a single amino acid change in coding sequence of the gene, it could be small deletion of 1 or several amino acids. Such gene mutation would only be detectable if it creates a significant alteration of phenotype.
Some gene mutations that do not alter protein...
Semi permeable implies to property of plasma-membrane where it permits transport of certain molecules but not all. Permissible molecules are selected for the best survival of the cell and therefore, plasma membrane is selectively permeable!
The first option (Detailed analysis of the nutrients from typical kitchen waste), primarily reveals the nutrients that were not properly utilized and have gone into kitchen waste. You would need to find out that how these nutrients would contribute in enhancing soil health...
Each strain grows on specific medium and might have specific antibiotic resistance gene. You can find that out from literature and get agar plates with those specific antibiotics each. Only the strain with antibiotic resistance gene would grow, other would not. Pick up single colonies from plate,...
Democracy supports freedom of speech and expression while dictatorship controls and censors it.
Autocratic regime or dictator as head of the state/government will control and censor the freedom of speech and expression.
Myelination is development of myelin sheath around the axons of neurons, it is formed by special type of glial cells known Oligodendroctyes or Schwann cells. They protect axons and obviously decrease the loss of electirc current of nerve impulse/action potential.