67 Answered Questions for the topic Number Theory

12d

Linear Algebra & Number Theory

Three men came across a purse and picked it up. The first man, after looking at its contents, said: "If I get that purse, I'll have twice as much as your combined money", the second, after having... more
Number Theory Linear Algebra

13d

Number theory (Diophantine Equation )

Diophantine Equation Three men came across a purse and picked it up. The first man, after looking at its contents, said: "If I get that purse, I'll have twice as much as your combined money", the... more
Number Theory Math Mathematics

12/29/20

Proof problem about gcd

Prove the following statements: gcd(a,b) = gcd(a-b,b) if gcd(a,b)=d, then exists such x, y ∈ Z, that ax+by=d
Number Theory Sat Math Mathematics

12/29/20

Proof problem about divisors

Prove that number n = p1z1 p2z2 ... pkzk has (z1+1)(z2+1)...(zn+1) divisors.
Number Theory Math Sat Math Mathematics

12/29/20

Mathematical number theory proof problem

If number n is divisible by a and n = p1z1 p2z2 ... pkzk, prove that n = p1l1 p2l2 ... pklk with li ≤ zi with all i = 1,...,k
Number Theory Math

12/21/20

How many pairs of integers (m,n) satisfy the equation m + n = mn?

How many pairs of integers (m,n) satisfy the equation m + n = mn?
Number Theory Math Proofs Divisibility

10/27/20

Use congruences to prove that the divisibility test 5 works.

Divisibility rule for 5: Let a be any integer, 5 divides a if and only if the last digit of a is 0 or 5.
Number Theory Math

10/14/20

Is it always possible to find a positive integer m such that a is congruent to b mod m?

For any two integers a and b, is it always possible to find a positive integer m such that a ≡b mod m? Either show that it is possible or find a counterexample to show that it is not.
Number Theory Math Mathematics Gcd

09/03/20

Find the greatest common divisor of the numbers 2^(120) − 1 and 2^(100) − 1

Find the greatest common divisor of the numbers 2120 − 1 and 2100 − 1
Number Theory Algebra 2

08/04/20

summation of multiples of odd natural numbers

what is the sum of all two odd natural number multiples in 'n' natural numbers, where n>=9.

Disjoint Covering systems

Can their exist a disjoint covering system of Z+, made up of an infinite quantity of equivalence classes?
Number Theory Gcf Pproofs

12/15/19

Proof that pairs of numbers whose GCF=1 can generate all subsequent integers

Prove that any linear combination of pairs of relatively prime numbers (that is pairs of numbers whose GCF is 1) will, beyond a certain number, generate all subsequent integers.*This does not hold... more
Number Theory

11/18/19

Math number theory

Three track team members are running on the school track. It takes Jess 4 minutes to complete a lap, jen 5 minutes, and Jill 6 minutes. If they start at the same point at the same time, how long... more
Number Theory Algebra 2

08/12/19

Prove that Z [i] is a commutative ring with unity.

Number Theory Algebra

07/08/19

What is the condition for the equation: ca^2 - (c+1)ab + b^2 to be non-negative? Is this generalizable for anything other than the trivial case of c=1?

When c = 1, the equation reduces to a^2 - 2ab + b^2 which is (a-b)^2 which is non-negative. What happens for other positive values of c (c can never be negative in my equation), assuming a and b... more

07/07/19

The units digit of a perfect square x is 4. What is the parity of the tens digit of x?

This is from my Math Challenge class. I have no idea of how to solve this. Please help.
Number Theory Math Competition Prep

07/06/19

Find the least natural number such that the number is divisible by 75 and all its digits are 1 or 0 only.

Is there any trick to be able to do this fast?

07/05/19

How do I solve this problem regarding parity from my Math Challenge class?

The remainder when the product 1492 x 1776 x 1812 x 1996 is divided by 5 is A. 0B. 1 C. 2 D. 3 E. 4*what's the shortcut to figuring out the answer for problems like this?*

07/05/19

How do I solve this problem regarding divisibility from my Math Challenge class?

Which of the following numbers is divisible by 2 and 3, but not divisible by 4? 3346 2376 5554 3282 9996

07/05/19

How do I solve this problem regarding divisibility from my Math Challenge class?

What remainder does the number 123456789 leave after division by 8? Is there a trick to solving this?
Number Theory Math Division Problem

07/05/19

How do I solve this problem regarding divisibility from my Math Challenge class?            

What remainder does the number (-50) leave after division by 7? The answer is 6. Why?
Number Theory Algebra 2

05/05/19

Show that if x,y,z are integers such that x^3 + 5y^3 = 25z^3, then x = y = z = 0.

I tried using mod 5 to get that x is divisible by 5. I don't know much about infinite descent, so I do not think that is the way to go.The hint says "If I give you a non-trivial solution, can you... more

04/29/19

a,b,c are positive real numbers with abc=1 then prove that (a / a+b⁴+c⁴) + (b / a⁴+b+c⁴) + (c / a⁴+b⁴+c)<=1

a,b,c are positive real numbersabc=1prove that (a / a+b⁴+c⁴) + (b / a⁴+b+c⁴) + (c / a⁴+b⁴+c)<=1
Number Theory

03/24/19

What is the multiplicative inverse of 3 module 46?

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