Bryce B.

asked • 11/20/19# Momentum and impulse problems

1.Bobby has a mass of 55 kg and he runs down the length of a football field at 3.8 m/s in an effort to catch the football being passed to him. What is his momentum?

2.A car is driving on highway 78 and has a momentum of 47,400 kgm/s. If the car is 1,800 kg, what is the velocity of the car?

3.A golfer swings the club with a force of 8,000 N. If the club makes contact with the golf ball for only 0.22 s, then what impulse is given to the golf ball?

*answer and explanation please*

## 1 Expert Answer

Mark H. answered • 11/20/19

Tutoring in Math and Science at all levels

You have several problems involving the same basic principles:

Momentum is the product of mass and velocity. It has the same units as __Impulse,__ which is commonly described as a force acting through a distance. Impulse can cause a change in momentum, and vice-versa.

When objects interact---momentum is always conserved

Consider a simple example: An object with mass M1 is moving with velocity V1. It hits another (stationary) object with mass of M2. The combined mass is now larger, so the velocity will be lower.

The momentum equation:

M1*V1 + M2*V2 = (M1+M2)*V(new)

Keep in mind that momentum is a vector quantity---meaning that the direction of motion must be taken into account. Example: 2 identical objects travelling at the same speed---one going due north, and other due east. After the collision, their combined speed will be sum of the original speed, and the direction will be northeast.

Recognize the differences between momentum and energy. While momentum is always conserved, energy is only conserved if the collision is totally elastic---meaning that all of the the energy absorbed in the collision is recovered as kinetic energy----as opposed to being converted to heat, sound, or some other form.

If all this is not "clicking" for you, spend some time with the various online resources such as Wikipedia or Khan Academy.

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Mark H.

11/21/19