Islam sees itself as the culmination of the other two monotheistic faiths Judaism and Christianity. Most of the figures of both testaments are regarded as messengers of Allah. There is a particular focus on the role of Adam, Moses, and King David. The Virgin Mary, and Jesus Christ are seen as playing important roles in the Almighty's plan. Christ as a prophet, assists the Madhi, the Islamic messiah in creating an ideal society.
Prayers were originally spoken towards Jerusalem rather than Mecca. The Halal dietary rules, are similar although not exactly the same as Kosher. Jews, Christians and Zoroastrians are singled out as People of the Book, permitted a certain status within Muslim society known as dhmmitiod