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(a) Summarize Shelley’s argument in “A Song: ‘Men of England.’” (b) Evaluate his arguments, using a chart like the one shown.

Men of England, wherefore1 plough

For the lords who lay ye low?

Wherefore weave with toil and care

The rich robes your tyrants wear?

5Wherefore feed and clothe and save

From the cradle to the grave

Those ungrateful drones who would

Drain your sweat—nay, drink your blood?

Wherefore, Bees of England, forge

10Many a weapon, chain, and scourge,2

That these stingless drones may spoil

The forced produce of your toil?

Have ye leisure, comfort, calm,

Shelter, food, love’s gentle balm ?

15Or what is it ye buy so dear

With your pain and with your fear?

The seed ye sow, another reaps;

The wealth ye find, another keeps;

The robes ye weave, another wears;

20The arms ye forge, another bears.

Sow seed—but let no tyrant reap:

Find wealth—let no impostor heap:

Weave robes—let not the idle wear:

Forge arms—in your defense to bear.

25Shrink to your cellars, holes, and cells—

In halls ye deck another dwells.

Why shake the chains ye wrought? Ye see

The steel ye tempered3 glance on ye.

With plough and spade and hoe and loom

30Trace your grave and build your tomb

And weave your winding-sheet4 —till fair

England be your Sepulcher.5
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