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Why might the male and female population in New France be so different in size?

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Unlike the English, French "colonialism" was not for settlement, but almost exclusively for trade and control of strategic positions. As a result, French subjects who moved to new France were predominately soldiers, frontiersmen, or merchants (all usually male). Because none were planning on staying for long few of these "settlers" brought their families. This not only led to a much larger male population in New France than females, but it also kept the population of the are small because there were few births or permanent settlements.
Most commonly, this is due to war. Many more men than women die in wars.