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When Carnegie speaks of Survival and the fittest, what philosophy of his was revealed?

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3 Answers

Leslie, 
 
When Carnegie acknowledges  the "Survival of the fittest", he is showing his of supports Social Darwinism he believed "It was a scientific fact that somebody like him should be getting to the top."  
 
Social Darwinism, which means the strong (wealthy) should thrive, while the poor should not.  
 
Thanks, 
 
Emily
Hi Leslie;
I just want to add one note.
 
Darwin originally created the term, NATURAL SELECTION.  His contemporary, Alfred Russel Wallace, also independently formulated this.  The difference between the two great scientists is that the former did much of his research in South America within the Galapagos Islands.  The latter executed much of his research in the Asian Malay Archipelago.
 
The term SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST evolved later, and is considered synonymous.
 
I understand William's commentary that the concept is dangerous.  However, neither scientist was trying to promote discriminatory principles.  They simply observed that the animals with the greatest reproductive potential, coupled with the greatest self-sustaining characteristics (e.g., hunting mechanisms, defense mechanisms, etc.), were the ones which were the driving force behind evolution.
 
In the past ten million years, human beings evolved from the common ancestor we share with the chimpanzees, to our current condition of HOMO SAPIENS MODERN.  This includes the evolution speech, which we are all exercising herein.
Leslie,
 
I believe you probably meant to write "Survival of the fittest."
 
This term was first used by Herbert Spencer after reading Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species.
 
Spencer apparently noticed a similarity between his own economic theories and Darwin's biological ones.
 
Carnegie freely admits that Spencer was the philosopher who had the biggest impact on his thinking.
 
Here is a webpage you should visit to learn more:
 
 
Remember, Leslie, not too long after Spencer and Carnegie another group got hold of, and carried the philosophy through to its natural conclusion.  This group was the Nazi Party in Germany, and I don't suppose I have to tell you how they applied the survival of the fittest philosophy.  Personally, I think the survival of the fittest theory is dangerous, and I wish it had never been postulated.  I'm sure that Pope Francis would probably agree.