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It is evident that students do not engage in enough sustained silent reading at home, and this I believe, is causing students to perform poorly in school.  Their vocabulary is not strong, which makes it difficult to decode and identify the meanings of words in a sentence.  Even if you teach Context Clues, if they don't read enough outside of school, then they will never practice this very important skill.  This over time, contributes to the 1 in 5 freshman taking remedial courses at the collegiate level. Reading is so fundamental, and students do not do enough of it, and not enough reading is being enforced.     The reason why students perform poorly is because the limited vocabulary makes comprehension that much harder.  You cannot make sense of anything, and it seems like you are 100% lost and confused.  The pressure of not knowing, rather encourages students to guess for the answer, hoping that it's right. Small groups are very important... read more

Lexile and You Does it seem like you are always hearing that word?  Your child is below his or her Lexile?  They need to be at a 540 or at a 1080?  What exactly is a Lexile and how can you make it work for you?   Lexile is a reading meta-matrix that actually takes reading material and assigns it "value".  The "value" is referred to as its Lexile score or simply as its Lexile.  It is simply a numerical device for charting reading material.  As with all reading values, there are anticipated levels each student will reach at each grade.  You will hear them referred to as benchmarks.  They also have other names and phrases teachers use, though.  Perhaps you have heard expressions like 'just right books', or 'on level', or 'on grade level'.  These are all used to refer to books meeting Lexile expectations.  Not all books are created equal in the Lexile system.  Higher value is awarded to non-fiction,... read more

When addressing general learning - especially in K-6 - we must keep in mind that subjects cannot be separated from one another. An obvious example is science, which requires mathematics, writing, and usually reading. Mathematics word problems, of course, require skill in reading and logic. If we consider social studies, we quickly realize that reading, writing, science, and math concepts are usually necessary for appropriate learning experiences. The common element in all our learning is, of course, language, which we began learning before we were even born. As we grew and learned, we imitated our parents' oral language and learned to associate words with things we observed in our environment. Eventually, we began learning to read, which is simply associating written symbols with oral language. Reading opened us up to a variety of learning, but we had to practice reading on its own, for its own sake, as well as in the other subject areas. This is why schools nowadays often treat social... read more

I have an old version of this story my mother bought for me, it's at least a 30-year-old book, so it's a little soft around the edges, yet I still keep it on my bookshelf. Reading is Fundamental was the focus of a PSA I saw on regular rotation when I was growing up in New York. Books are still valuable to me, and a fundamental start to learning a little bit of everything. I recently made this book part of an interactive reading lesson for one of my classes. I hope that at some point in the future I will be able to implement this book, or may be even To Kill A Mockingbird, another great story, as part of an actual reading lesson.

If you are struggling to encourage a reluctant reader to read for at least 30 minutes per day, this website may help.  I began using this with Beginning English as a Second Language (ESL) students but have found that it also works well for K-6 readers as well.  Here are the instructions for accessing this FREE site:     Go to http://larryferlazzo.com/englishbeg.html#stories a. Under the heading marked Stories, click on Tumblebooks b. Click on Tumblebook Library c. Click on Story Books or Non-fiction Books d. Choose a book and then click Read Online

A few months ago a concerned mom shared that her children, who were at the time my creative writing students, do not like to read when she asks them to. She added that they become spacey and can’t answer her follow up questions for discussion. She also wanted to know if I had any suggestions for her. Well, of course I had! I suggested to her what I suggest to every parent I meet with such concerns and to parents who simply want to be involved in their children’s reading. Choose and Book on your Child’s  Reading Level Help your child find books on his/her independent reading level (depending on how your child’s reading has been assessed, Grade Level Equivalent (1.0 to 12.9), Guided Reading (A-Z), DRA (A,1-80), Lexile Measure (200L-1600L)). It is important for children to read on their independent reading levels so that the materials read will not be too easy and lead them to boredom,... read more

After having been away from school all summer many students can get out of the "school" mood or mode and returning can be quite difficult. So at least 1 week before school starts students can turn the TV off, pick up their favorite book and start reading in 15 minute blocks. The goal is to get them absorbed in their favorite topic or book that they will have read beyond 15 minutes and not even know it.   Daisy

If you are like me and have a lot of things to do during the day, you may find yourself asking, "when the heck am I gonna have time to do my schoolwork?!".  Here are my top four pointers that I think will help you stay on top of your game while also keeping you from letting all the good times pass you by! Because let's face it, all-nighters are never fun, and neither is missing out on a good, themed birthday party.   1.  Know your weaknesses and cater to them. Worst subjects--we all have them.  Figure out what yours is and devote the majority of the little time you have to that subject.  Seems pretty obvious, but it needs to be said.   2.  Learn how to take notes while reading. If you get used to reading with a pen in your hand, you'll be able to take notes much more quickly.  This will also help you learn the language of the book, which will make it much easier to find key phrases that are important to remember... read more

My first grade student blew me away today. He not only read the word, 'interesting,' all by himself -- but he also knew exactly how many syllables it has!  After a full year tutoring, we have a great connection and each weekly session has its surprises.  I find I learn from my students, just as they learn from me.  Age does not seem to matter, each individual has his or her own personality and interests.   We read a book about bats today.  With terms like hibernation and echolocation, it was inevitable that we discussed a few definitions during the reading.  First graders can be quite inquisitive, and we were pressed for time.  So, I continued reading and before we finished, I learned something I did not know.  Of course, I knew the early American settlers once lived in 'colonies.'  Somehow, though, it never occurred to me that large groups of bats also live in colonies!  I also never thought about how the closeup photos in... read more

Reading is an important skill you will use your whole life long.  It is one of the main if not THE main way we learn.  Reading can improve your grades and help you when you graduate and do the job you wnat to do for your life.  People who read well can get bettter jobs and achieve thier goals in life more quickly.  I think Reading can be fun, too.  Read something you enjoy, even a joke or riddle, a topic you enjoy, like dinosaurs or different kinds of cars.     I, myself, love to read and I love to pass that love and skill onto my students.  Good readers are successful students and achieve success in life.  So pick up a book and enjoy yourself   By Miriam V.

Greetings everyone! How is your summer ending? Can you believe it? It's already time to head to school for most of us! Well, let me share with you the good news for this academic year on WyzAnt: There is now a new French tutor! And guess who is she? Me, of course, Ms.Jessie! I am also a communications professional and a skilled writer. I'm so happy to join this network and I hope to hearing back from you soon! -Ms.Jessie

The most important academic skill a student can learn and possess is the ability to read. Even math skills depend upon reading skills. We may say something is as "easy as ABC," but in fact, reading is one of the most complicated activities our brain can manage -- it connects symbols to sounds, words to memories, known patterns to predictions and inferences, and so on. Yet few students ever learn HOW they learn to read. I want my students to recognize, learn and apply the skills they need to read well; with this information, they become better prepared to address reading challenges successfully on their own. So how do we learn to read? Part of the answer comes from magnetic resonance imaging, interpreted by someone whose specialty is helping people with the greatest degree of difficulty reading. Sally Shaywitz, MD, is a professor at the Yale School of Medicine, and co-directs the world-renowned Yale Center for Dyslexia and Creativity. In her book, Overcoming... read more

Philosophy of Education for M.J. T. To me the purpose of education is threefold: (1) provide students with a basis of knowledge, (2) teach students how to reason so that they can continue their education throughout their lives, and (3) instill in them a life-long excitement about and love of learning. Students must acquire a basis of knowledge, a framework on which to sort out and understand how various aspects of information in any subject area fit together to make the whole picture of where we have been and where we are going as a civilization. Science affects philosophy which affects the arts … ad infinitum. Nothing exists in a vacuum-sealed box. All knowledge is recursive and intertwined - reaches out and affects many areas outside the discipline in which it begins. I liken this basis of knowledge to a needlepoint tapestry mesh framework. The threads of different strands of information are worked in at various points. In some way every thread touches every other... read more

Read. Pick up something and keep the wheels turning. Keeping fresh on news, or just pleasure reading is a skill that needs to be exercised and worked on regularly. Write. Depending on where you are in your academic career, one thing is fairly certain; you will be required to write the deeper you delve into subjects and years of schooling. Writing is learning on a new level. Research. Research something. Take it beyond Google, and do not rely on Wiki. Anyone can publish on Wiki, and some big mistakes happen there. Research and writing work in tandem, get used to it and have fun with it, after all you will learn something this way (and far into the future). Honing your search skill (Booleans, etc.) will pay you back exponentially one day. Learn something or do something new. Find a new hobby or research (see above #3) something new or do something new after looking into it as long as it's safe of course. Set Attainable... read more

Five tips for surviving the summer slump! 1. Spend time getting physical exercise - it keeps the brain active. 2. Read as much as possible - choose books that interest you, not just what might be on your school's summer reading list. 3. WRITE - write a journal about what you did during the summer, places you went, reflections on books you read. 4. Limit the time you spend on computer games. 5. HAVE FUN.

For those struggling to get their kids into reading - This is a long post, but I successfully get 95% of my students to want to read non-stop within the first 2 months of school and I would like to share this with you. I kid you not, I have more of a problem with my students reading under their desks during other classes than trying to get them to read. I dunno about you, but I think that is actually a good problem to have! Parents, you can adapt what I am doing from my classroom to your home with ease. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- It's a tricky business. Kids, typically, don't like reading for pleasure. Well, not at first that is. There are a few fundamental reasons for this. 1. They are forced to read. It isn't an option "you must read for 30 minutes each night because I said so and it's good for you," etc. When kids (especially pre-teens/teenagers) are told to do something, they immediately don't want to do... read more

As the school year ramps up again, I wanted to put out a modified version of a Memo of Understanding http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Memo_of_understanding for parents and students. It seems each year in the rush to get through the first weeks of school parents and students forget the basic first good steps and then the spiral downwards occurs and then the need for obtaining a tutor and then the ‘wish for promises’ from a tutor. Pay attention to your child’s folder or agenda book. A student is generally not able to self regulate until well into high school. Some people never quite figure it out. Be the best person you can be by helping your child check for due dates, completeness, work turned in on time. Not only will this help your child learn to create and regulate a schedule, it prevents the following types of conversations I always disliked as a teacher ("Can you just give my child one big assignment to make up for the D/F so they can pass"; "I am going to talk to... read more

The most obvious answer is cost. If a tutor charges the same rate for one or four students, it becomes cheaper per hour as you increase students and share the costs with other families. It is often believed a tutor is best when working 1:1 with a student. In some instances it is well worth the time and money to have 1:1 tutoring and sometimes it is appropriate for students to study and do school work in small groups. What is not obvious is the dynamics of small group tutoring. In a variety of circumstances it is invaluable for students to learn how to study “what needs to be studied”. The acts of independence and self regulating behavior have far reaching benefits. Groups need to learn to share and take turns. This seems simple and yet there is the underlying tendency to allow the ‘smart one’ in the group to carry the burden of work. Assuming each student is in the class and has a different point of view/observation about what is happening in class, they should share their... read more

If you are homeschooling your children, as you know, this can be overwhelming sometimes. I can help design lessons in writing, English, grammar, public speaking, research and related areas. For first-time clients, I will be flexible with my rate. Review my profile at WyzAnt and let me know what questions you have - would love to help! Good teaching, Tim N.

Although learning is awesome, it can be a difficult and frustrating journey for many students. This difficulty, however, is often times quite normal although most feel it means that a child may not be able to learn or that he/she is so frustrated that learning is no longer taking place. This is where the experienced tutor steps in; for frustration in learning is a part of the learning itself. I have taught and tutored many students and have seen first hand how this frustration can leave some students, and their parents, feeling helpless and hopeless. But there is ALWAYS Hope!!! What they have failed to realize is that as the brain learns difficult concepts, it can only take in parts at a time, little parts at a time. So although it may seem no learning is taking place, it actually is, just in smaller segments. In fact, the most frustration comes right before a new concept is achieved. This is when most children become the 'most' frustrated. The may not want to go to school, complain... read more

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