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i. Individual instruction: O.G. approach typically pairs teachers with students on a one to one basis.   ii. Diagnostic and prescriptive: As a warm-up and review at start of every lesson consisting of letters and sounds already taught: The process of learning to read goes from symbol to sound, thus symbol recognition must be the first drill segment engaged for instructional emphasis. Inclusion at the start of an O-G lesson plan provides the basic foundation for the remaining lesson plan. This Visual Flash-Card Phonogram Drill develops students' decoding ability through the constant random repetitive visual recognition of all the individual letter symbols while simultaneously performing the repetitive exercise of verbalizing their corresponding phonemic sounds. This is a support action, which serves to consistently reinforce cumulative integrated learning.    iii. Automaticity directed: As students confirm accuracy in decoding they move toward automaticity... read more

Developmental dyslexia is characterized by an unexpected difficulty in reading experienced by children and adults who otherwise possess the intelligence and motivation considered necessary for accurate and fluent reading. Dyslexia is a specific languagebased disorder affecting an individual’s ability for acquiring proficiency with different language forms including reading, writing and spelling. It is characterized by difficulties in single word decoding, usually reflecting insufficient phonological processing abilities owing to a congenital neurological disorder. These difficulties manifest in varying degrees and are typically unexpected in relation to age, cognitive and academic abilities.

I make it fun by: 1. starting with a couple of jokes 2. Giving them starbursts for working with me 3. Going to the treasure box once a week for doing homework 4. taking them places for rewards after 3,6,9, and 12 pages correct  3 is ice cream treat 6 is book 9 is a trip to the Library 12 is to the Governor’s Mansion 5. Having them set goals and working on the white bd one on one.  Come along with me and let’s get started.  

With that in mind, here are five of the best ways to keep your child reading this summer: 1. Let your child choose what they want to read – or be read to – for 30 minutes each day. Children are much more likely to engage in material that interests them rather than materials that are forced on them. 2. Use language and reading opportunities throughout the day.  Talk often with your child and point out reading materials wherever possible:  on menus, magazines and newspapers, signs, brochures, maps, guidebooks, smartphones, ipads, etc. 3. Make daily reading a social event. Get the whole family to join in with their own books or take turns reading the same book aloud. Include telling stories as well. 4. Connect reading to other summer events. If you take your child to the zoo, think about reading a book about animals before and afterward. This will place your child’s reading within a larger context. 5. Make reading a lifestyle choice. Keep books all around... read more

Hi! My name is Miriam.  I tutor some studetns from Ethiopia currently.  I have a little system.  If they do their homework for the week, they get a something from the Treasure Box.  These are basically trinkets from the Dollar Store.  I also, give a starburst for working with me each time.  Then, I have a reward system.  If they get 3 pages correct, they get a trip for ice cream.  If they get 6 pages correct, they get a book of their choice (parens agreeing).  If they get 9 pages correct, they get a trip to the Library.  And if they get 12 pages correct, they get a trip to the Governor’s Mansion.

Hello. If you are reading this, then you most likely have some questions about school and education, and how to improve in the academic world. I really can help you do that. Like anything, school requires certain "bottom line" results- it seems unfair to me that we tell our students to "try harder" and to "put more effort in to your work," because in real life, some people DO try hard, and DO put a great deal of effort into their work- and yet, if they don't get results, they don't succeed. What any student needs comes down to the tools to achieve academic success. I can give you simple tools- such as how to take notes, how to read a textbook, how to study for a test. I can also be subject specific- I am able to tutor a student in a number of different subject areas, and I work with students with learning differences as well as students without any diagnosed learning disabilities. Please contact me if you have any questions. Best, Nivison...

I am a firm believer that technology is the way to a learners heart. We are a society that lives and breathes technology. When we get some new technology 'toy', who can program it, get the settings done quicker, and find the awesome games that are a part of it first? Yes, of course, it is your child. Children are natural techno geeks. Why not use their love for it to increase their Reading fluency and skills.    The links below are just a few items that can help you support your student(s) in their quest for Reading excellent on the iPad.    Using iPads to Improve Reading   15 of the Best Educational apps to Improve Reading   Fluency Timer Pro   One Minute Reader App   I would love to hear your thoughts, obstacles, successes, favorite apps, etc. regarding Reading using technology.    Cara

Years ago, there was never any dispute: when you listed a bunch of things in a sentence and finished with the word 'and ________.', there should always have been a comma before the 'and', i.e. "I have lived in France, Germany, Italy, and China." The modern grammarians (is that even a word, haha) seem to think that the final comma should be omitted because they claim it is redundant. They claim that without the comma, everything should be adequately clear, for example: "I have lived in France, Germany, Italy and China." Is that really clear? I beg to differ, and for two reasons. First, the comma's use is not just as a separator of things; it is also used as a pause device. Without the last comma, that sentence reads: "I have lived in France (pause) Germany (pause) Italy and China (said quickly together)." That's not correct at all and we all know it. It should read: "I have lived in France (pause) Germany (pause) Italy (pause)... read more

As a child, I did not like reading! We were taught using the sight word approach. We had to memorize every word read. The books we read were Alice and Jerry and later on, Dick and Jane. I laughed at the ridiculousness of the controlled vocabulary "Look, Alice look! See Spot run! Run, run, fun!" I use to think, "This is not how we speak, this is so boring!". I had no desire to read. That was a contributing factor in my becoming a reading specialist. I knew how it felt to not want to do the first thing I was asked to do in school. This so colored my attitude toward learning! Now I am a certified reading specialist with a B.S. and M.S. in reading and an additional certification in the WILSON Reading System. I have worked with elementary students for 25 years. When I am introduced to a child who's only experiences in school have been negative and he or she feels so horrible about themselves because they know how hard it is for them and not... read more

Hello! I wanted to share something with everybody which seems obvious to me, but I'm not sure everyone is on the same page. Have you ever had a terribly boring school teacher? I bet you have because we all have at some point! It doesn’t mean that these teachers are all uneducated in their subject, (although they might be…) it just means that either: A. They aren’t involved enough in their field to have passion for it or B. They don’t know how to transmit that passion to students effectively To be able to have fun or at least gain respect, understanding, or interest in a subject - the subject must be presented in an interesting way. It seems obvious when you put it that simply, but some or most teachers don’t care enough to even pretend to be excited, passionate or involved in their field. This makes learning from these teachers very difficult, especially if the students are self-sufficient learners. ——That is where... read more

My approach to each Physics Chapter: As I read the chapter I look for definitions - many times the text is in italics I work with 3 by 5 index cards and note the chapter and the definition of a new concept I also look for identified equations and write them on equation cards by chapter describing what the equation represents and the units I make unit cards which include the Physics term and the units and their equivalent in each unit system As I work through the chapter I read each sample question and try to do it without looking for the answer Then I check the answers and the methods used - sometimes my methods are different but the answers are the same This shows there are sometimes more than one approach to a problem When I finish a chapter I try the odd problems since they have answers in the back When I can not solve it I check the answer and try to work backwards. Unit analysis helps. Although... read more

If your child has not succeeded in any school "reading pull out" programs or traditional reading tutoring, stop the torture!  Your child likely needs an Orton-Gillingham based reading program that is multi-sensory, systematic, and does not encourage guessing at words.  Please do not let your struggling reader stay involved in any program that encourages "guessing" at words.  This will only serve to confuse and frustrate your child more.  Rote memorization of spelling words is also not an effective strategy for a dyslexic student.  Contact me if you'd like tips or more direction on how to really help your child excel in reading/spelling and self-confidence.

1. Hopscotch Draw a hopscotch outline with chalk or tape and write the letters of a spelling word in the squares. Your child says the letters out loud as he hops. Erase one letter at a time until he can successfully spell the word without hopping, and then move onto the next spelling word. 2. Ball Toss Toss a ball back and forth to reinforce spelling in a fun way. Each time your child catches the ball, they say the next letter of the spelling word. 3. Hide and Seek Write their spelling words on note cards, and tape them in unusual places, such as on the back of cabinet doors, in your child's closet or in her pencil or jewelry box. When they find a word, they bring the card to you and spells the word. 4. Street Signs/Store Names   Have your child learn to read street signs and store names around your neighborhood. This will help them learn where they live, colors and sight words all at the same time!  ...

I recently read an article which reported the favorite books of 50 celebrities (actors, musicians, politicians, etc). I noticed that several of them mentioned that they started out hating reading because it seemed to always reminded them of schoolwork and school until they made a special connection with a particular book. After that, reading became a joy!   I've long found this attitude surprising because I can't remember a time (after I learned to read, of course) when I didn't love to read. Weird, right? I'm pretty sure I'm in the minority here, but I think I can explain why reading has just never felt like a chore:   1. My parents never placed restrictions on what my siblings and I could read.   This may seem like a terrible idea to parents wary of their children getting their hands on "Fifty Shades of Gray" and similar age-inappropriate material, and I can't blame them. While my parents did not place formal restrictions, they made... read more

There are several points in grade school that involve a critical shift in the thinking that is required in the school work.  Parent's should be aware of these points as they navigate through the abyss of raising a school-aged child and supporting the child as he/she moves forward through the grades.   3rd Grade - The third grader is transitioning from whole number thinking into understanding the concepts of parts.  They are exposed to fractions, decimals and percentages.  This is a major paradigm shift.  Students are also exposed to long division at this point.  Supporting children in this phase requires an emphasis on helping the child conceptualize whole things being split into parts.  In addition to homework support, tutoring, and supplementary work, parents should introduce cooking chores to children at this time, and make them follow a recipe that has precise measurements.  Reading comprehension and writing is also an issue here... read more

This is a question I find a lot of people grapple with, whether they be adults, teenagers or children. The love of reading, of transporting yourself into a different world, is a way to escape. Writing, whether it be an analytic essay or the next epic adventure, requires the ability to reach into your mind and actively confront yourself – and that is not an easy feat to manage. Part of being able to write is to have your thoughts organized in your mind. This actually may prove incredibly difficult for a reader to do. Our minds are often going all over the place at any given moment, reliving stories or day dreaming some of our own. Readers are dreamers so it makes sense that our thoughts naturally flow and are sometimes difficult to pin down. That’s okay – that’s what lists are for! In order to better organize your thoughts, start out simple. Make a list of what you really think about the subject you are about to write about. This works for anything, whether it be a... read more

Hello everyone! Hola a todos!   Learning a second language like  Spanish or ESOL can be boring and frustrating sometimes. You just get sick of reading your textbook or completing worksheets that your teacher gives you. But believe it or not...there are several ways to make learning a second language fun no matter what age you are! You're probably thinking right now..."how?" I'll tell you how. First, think of something that you like to do in your free time like listening to music, watching a movie or reading. Say if you really enjoy listening to music...look up one of your favorite genres and see what pops up for Spanish or English music in that genre. For example, Spanish pop/rock - the Colombian artist Juanes will pop up. Check out some of his songs on youtube. Once you find a song that you like, look up the Spanish lyrics online, print them out and then try your best at translating them into English. See if you can figure out what the song means because... read more

Hi everyone!     I am Ms. Joyce.  It is the end of the year again. Finals and year end tests are coming. Before summer, kids sometimes need those important skills like phonics and writing to keep them on track. It is always a good idea to keep those skills up with a tutor before the progress reports and report cards start coming in next year, showing that they could have used help before the problem started. As a parent, you already know that your child struggles with certain things. It is perfectly normal to not be knowledgeable in all subjects. There are a rare few who are gifted at all things with out extra instruction.    Here are signs that your kids need a tutor:    1. Consistently confused when working on homework   2. Homework is taking unusually long to complete   3. Homework is not being completed   4. Tears happen every time they have to do homework   5. Your child... read more

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