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I always recommend listening to Spanish language TV or the radio at least a 1/2 hour a day. The student gets to experience everyday language. To enhance tutoring, I also recommend joining language conversation groups. I always have some handy, but googling is a great start. Don't be afraid if you don't understand everything spoken. It is the natural process of learning another language.

I found that relating conversation to a student's everyday life is the best method of teaching about food. I than expanded to conversation to include vocabulary to a restaurant or catering business. I than pretended I was a caterer catering a romantic dinner and than a dinner for a boss. I asked questions and went over how to agree or disagree with statements first. Then I had the student go over a pretend conversation. I than expanded it by asking the student to create a conversation with the person requesting the romantic dinner or dinner with the boss. Teaching all of these points may take more than one lesson. This is great for high school and adult ESL students!!!

I found teaching medical vocabulary though taped medical TV shows best. I recently pulled up a show of Private Practice and then created a sheet with the vocabulary words specifically for that episode. (Grey's Anatomy would work perfectly too!) When I began the tutoring session, I explained the premise of the show. Then I gave the student a vocabulary sheet and then turned on that episode. I encouraged this student to watch medical shows to enhance her vocabulary. Please note: This lesson is best used with adult intermediate to advanced intermediate English language learners.

As a tutor, I like teaching direct and indirect object alongside transitive and intransitive verbs. Transitive verbs are incomplete without a direct object such as Art runs ____. I always tell my students to ask themselves who or what to answer what is the direct object. In this example, Art is running where. It is incomplete so it has a transitive verb. An intransitive verb cannot take a direct object on the other hand. The verb, for example, arrive is intransitive. I arrive is complete without a direct object so it is an intransitive verb. This is a hard concept for students. I would not teach students this unless they are at the intermediate level or above.

Today I went over that and which with A. A good way of remembering this for the ESL student is that can mean many and which means a specific one. I printed out a sheet on this page to supplement her book. Then we went over whom and who. A good way of remembering this is who is always equivilent to he, she. Then whom can always take the place of her or him. Go to for additional reference material.

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