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Cross-Reference Groups: pa-py

From time to time, new units are added to this Cross-reference group that have been “completed”; that is, with as many definitions as can be found or with a significant number of examples.

pago-, pag- (Greek: frost or freezing; fixed or hardened; united).

pali-; palim-, palin- (Greek: recurrence, repetitious; back, backward, again; returning, repeating).

palli-, pallio, pallit- (Latin: mantle, covering; cloak).

pan-, panto-, pant- (Greek: all, every, entire).

papyro-, papyr- (Greek: papyrus [singular], papyri [plural]; paper).

parvo-, parvi- (Latin: [parvus] small, little; minute, minuscule).

pass-, pati- (Latin: suffering, feeling; enduring).

pater-, patro-, patr-, patria, patri- (Latin: father [family member]; fatherland).

patho-, -path-, -pathia, -pathic, -pathology, -pathetic, -pathize, -pathy (Greek: feeling, sensation, perception, suffering, [in medicine, these elements usually mean “one who suffers from a disease of, or one who treats a disease”]).

pecca-, pecc- (Latin: err, sin, commit a crime).

ped-, pedi-, -pedal, -ped, -pede, -pedia (Latin: foot, feet).

pedo-, paedo-, ped-, paed-, paido-, paid- (Greek: child, boy; infant).

pejor- (Latin: worse).

-penia-, -penic, pen-, penia- (Greek > Modern Latin: abnormal reduction, decrease in, insufficient, deficiency; originally, poverty, need; sometimes erroneously or incorrectly rendered as -poenia).

perineo- (Greek: space between the scrotum or mons veneris and the anus).

petalo-, petal-, -petalous (Greek: leaf; from the adjective petalos, “flat, spread out”).

-petalous (Greek: in botany, a suffix combining form meaning, “having a certain number or a certain shape of petals”).

phago-, phag-, -phag, -phage, -phagic, -phagia, -phagism, -phagist, -phagous, -phagy (Greek: eat, consume, ingest).

phalango-, phalang- (Greek via Latin: bone between two joints of a finger or toe; line of battle; from phalanx, heavy infantry in close order [from Greek antiquity]).

phlego-, phleg-(Greek [phlegmatikos] & Latin [phlegmaticus]: heat, inflammation; burn, inflame).

philo-, phil-, -phile, -philia, -philic, -philous, -phily, -philiac, -philist, -philism (Greek: love, loving, friendly to, fondness for, attraction to, strong tendency toward, affinity for).

phlogo-, phlog-, phlox (Greek: fire, flame; inflammation).

-phobia, -phobias, -phobe, -phobiac, -phobist, -phobic, -phobism, -phobous; phobo-, phob- (Greek: fear, extreme fear of, morbid fear of, excessive fear of, irrational fear or terror of something or someone; however, sometimes this Greek element means a strong dislike or hatred for something).

phono-, phon-, -phone, -phonia, -phonic, -phonetic, -phonous, -phonically, -phonetically, -phony (Greek: phone; sound; voice).

phono-, phon- (Greek: phono[s]; slaughter, murder, homicide).

phospho-, phosph-, phosphoro-, phosphor- (Greek: light, shine; morning star; a nonmetallic chemical element that ignites when exposed to air).

photo-, phot-, -photic, -phote (Greek: light).

phreno-, phren-, phreni-, phrenico-, phrenic-, -phrenia, -phrenic, -phrenically (Greek: mind, brain; the midriff or the diaphragm; the phrenic nerve).

phreto-, phret- (Greek: well, reservoir, a tank).

phront-, phorntid-; phronemo-, phron- (Greek: thought, care, attention; think, thinking, contemplation).

physo-, phys- (Greek: breath, wind; pertaining to air or gas; bellows, bladder, bubble; swollen; as seen in many modern scientific terms).

pilo-, pil-, pili- (Latin: hair).

pimelo-, pimel-, pimele- (Greek: [soft] fat).

pineal-, pinea- (Latin: pine tree, relating to the pine; shaped like a cone).

pino-, pin- (Greek: a combining form confused between three Greek roots and may mean “hunger”, “dirt”, or “drink”; and there is one Latin form referring to the “pine tree”).

pio-, pi-, pion- (Greek: fat).

pisci-, pisc- (Latin: fish).

plankto-, plankt-, -plankton (Greek: passively drifting, wandering, or roaming).

plano-, plan-, -plany, -plania (Greek: passively drifting, wandering, or roaming).

planta-, plant- (Latin: sole of the foot).

plaud-, plaus-, plod-, plos- (Latin: applause, to clap, strike, beat, to clap the hands).

pluto-, plut- (Greek: wealth, wealthy, rich).

pneo-, -pnea, -pneic, -pnoea, -pnoeic, -pneo (Greek: air, wind; breathing).

pnigo-, pnig-, pnigmato-, pnigmat- (Greek: choke, stifle, smother).

po-, poo-, -poa- (Greek: grass, a grassy place; meadow, meadows).

podo-, pod-, -poda, -pod, -pode, -podium, -podia, -podial, -podous, -pody (Greek: foot, feet).

poly- (Greek: many, much; too many, too much, excessive; a prefix used with many words). Don’t confuse this poly- with another -poly that means “to sell”.

-poly, -pole, -polism, -polist, -polistic, -polistically (Greek: used as a suffix; sale, selling; one who sells; pertaining to selling; barter).

pono-, pon-, -ponic, -ponics (Greek: toil, labor, work hard, fatigue; exertion; also, suffering, pain).

port-, portat- (Latin: carry, bring, bear).

potamo-, potam- (Greek: river, stream).

potash (Dutch > New Latin: potassium carbonate).

prandial- (Latin: prandium, literally, that which is eaten early).

presbyo-, presby- (Greek: old, relationship to old age; literally, he that goes first).

priap- (Greek, Priapos > Latin Priapus: god of procreation shown with a large penis; by extension, penis).

privat-, priv- (Latin: individual; not in public life).

problem- (Greek > Latin: literally, “something thrown forward, to throw forward”).

psepho-, pseph- (Greek > Latin: pebble/pebbles, stone/stones; election; vote).

psychro-, psychr- (Greek: cold).

psylli-, psyll- (Greek > Latin: flea).

puer- (Latin: boy, child).

pygo-, pyg-, -pyga, -pygia (Greek: rump, buttocks, bottom; rear end; butt; the posterior part of the body).