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Cross-Reference Groups: ca-cy

From time to time, new units are added to this Cross-reference group that have been “completed”; that is, with as many definitions as can be found or with a significant number of examples.

calque [KALK] (Latin: calx, heel, to tread; through Italian and French: an imitation, tracing).

capno-, capn-, -capnod- (Greek: smoke; vapor; sooty [extended meaning is carbon dioxide]).

carus (masculine), cara (feminine), carum (neuter) (Latin: dearly, beloved, dear; high-priced, costly).

carpho- (Greek: straw, dry stock; from karphein, to wither, wrinkle, dry).

castrat-, castra- (Latin: to cut, geld, spay; to remove the testicles or ovaries of).

cathar-, cathart-, cathars- (Greek: to purge, to purify, or to cleanse; purification; cleansing).

cautel- (Latin: caution; precaution; wary, careful, heedful).

caval- (Latin: horse [caballus, a horseman; by extension, a gentleman serving as a lady’s escort. Also said to mean: “an inferior horse, a nag”] > Italian [caballeria from caballo, “horse”] > French [cavalerie]).

celer- (Latin: fast, speed, swift, rapid).

cerauno-, kerauno- (Greek: thunderbolt, thunder, lightning [literally, “smasher, crusher”]).

-cern-, -cret- (Latin: separate, sift, distinguish, understand, decide; separated, set apart).

chalco-, chalc- (Greek: copper; brass).

chemo-, chem-, chemico-, chemi- (Arabic > Greek > Latin: the art of combining base metals [to make gold]; from Greek, chemia, “Egypt”, supposedly where the art of changing metals into gold existed).

chiasto-, chiasm- (Greek: crossed, laid crosswise [from ciazein to make in the shape of the Greek letter X, chi, the 22nd letter of the Greek alphabet]).

choro-, chor- (Greek: place, space, land; country, district).

-cide, -cides, -cidal (Latin: a suffix; kill, killer; murder, to cause death, slayer; cutter; “to cut down”).

clado-, clad- (Greek klados: shoot, young branch; branch; twig).

clam- [cla-] clamat-, claim- (Latin: talk, call out, speak, say; shout).

clino-, clin-, -clinal, -cline, -clinic (Greek: bed; slope, slant; lean, leaning).

clono-, clon-, -cloner, -clonal, -clonally (Greek: twig; later, in modern usage: “exact duplicate, carbon copy, replica”).

-cole, -coles, -colid, -coline, -colous (Latin: a suffix; to inhabit, to live in, on, or among; to dwell; living among, dwelling in).

coma (Greek: a deep, sound sleep, lethargy, trance without sleep).

costo-, cost-, costi- (Latin: rib, ribs; side; coast).

-crat, -cracy, -cratic, -cratism, -cratically, -cracies (Greek: a suffix; govern, rule; strength, power).

cred-, credit-, creed- (Latin: believe, belief, faith, confidence, trust).

cris-, crit-, cri- (Greek: a separating, putting apart; a decision; to judge).

crist- (Latin: crest).

croustico-, crousto-, crusto-, croust-, crust-, kroustico-, krousto-, kroust-, krust- (Greek: to stretch; stretch out; to beat, strike).

crymo-, crym-, krymo-, krym- (Greek: cold, frost, chill).

cryo-, cry-, kryo-, kry- (Greek: cold, freezing).

crypto-, crypt- (Greek: hidden, secret).

cyber- (Greek: steersman, pilot, helmsman; to steer, guide, govern, governor).