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Cross-Reference Groups: a-az

From time to time, new units are added to this cross-reference list that have been “completed”; that is, with as many definitions as can be found or with a significant number of vocabulary examples. There are many more words in the cross references than those that are shown in this list; but, they are “works in progress” or incomplete (without definitions).

a-, ab-, abs- (Latin: from, away, away from; used as a prefix).

a-, an- (Greek: no, absence of, without, lack of, not; used as a prefix).

abacus (Hebrew > Greek > Latin > Middle English: dust).

-able (Latin: a suffix).

abdomino-, abdomi-, abdomen- (Latin: belly, venter [the use of “stomach” is considered incorrect for this element]).

abluto-, ablut- (Latin: a washing [especially as a ritual], cleansing).

abort-, aborti- (Latin: miscarry, pass away, perish by an untimely birth).

abysso-, abyss-, abys- (Greek > Latin: Greek [abussoz], a-, “no” plus bussos, “bottom” through Latin [abyssus] no bottom, bottomless).

acerbo-, acerb- (Latin: bitter, sharp, sour, stinging).

achillo-, achill-, Achilles (Greek > Latin: tendon at the back of the heel).

aco-, aceo- (Greek: remedy, cure).

acous-, acou-, acouo-, acoustico-, acouto-, acousti-, -acousia, -acousis, -acoustical, acu- (Greek: hearing, listening, of or for hearing).

-acro, acr- (Greek: high, highest, highest point; top, tip end, outermost; extreme; extremity of the body).

adelpho-, adelph-, -adelphia, -adelphous (Greek: brother).

-adeno-, aden- (Greek: gland(s), glandular [from “acorn”]).

adipo-, adip-, adipos- (Latin: fat, lard; of or pertaining to fat; fleshy).

aeluro-, aelur-, ailuro-, ailouro-, ailur-, eluro- (Greek: cat).

aeolo-, aeol- (Latin: air, wind; rapid, quick).

-aero, aer- (Greek: air, mist, wind).

aesculus- (Latin: ancient name of an Italian oak; now applied to the horse chestnut).

aesth-, esth-, aesthe-, esthe-, aesthesio-, esthesio-, aesthesia-, -esthesia, -aesthetic, -esthetic, -aesthetical, -esthetical, -aesthetically, -esthetically (Greek: feeling, sensation, perception).

agape- (Greek > Latin: love feast of the early Christians; love, love feast; to love).

agglutino-, aggluto-, agglutin- (Latin: ad-, “to, toward, near” plus gluten, glutinis, “glue, beeswax”).

agora-, -gor- (Greek: assembly, market place; open space, public speaking; originally, “to unite”).

agra- (Greek > Latin: pertaining to land or fields).

agrosto-, agrost- (Greek: wild grass; grass).

agryp- (Greek: sleeplessness, wakefulness; originally it meant “sleeping in the field”).

aigialo-, aigial-, aigi- (Greek: beach, seashore; and also a cliff).

ala-, ali-, al- (Latin: wing).

albo-, alb-, -albify (Latin: the color white).

aletho-, aleth- (Greek: true; nothing concealed; real [from a-, “no, nothing” and letho-, “forgetfullness, oblivion”]).

alga [s.], algae [pl.], alg- (Latin: seaweed).

algesi-, alge-, alges-, algesio-, algo-, alg-, algio-, -algesia, -algesic, -algetic, -algic, -algia, -algy (Greek: pain, sense of pain; painful; hurt).

algo-, alg- (Greek: pain).

allanto-, allant- (Greek: sausage).

allelo-, allel- (Greek: one another, of one another; literally, “the other”; reciprocally; in mutual relation).

allotrio- , allotri- (Greek: different, of or belonging to another; foreign, strange; abnormal; perverse).

amatho-, amath-, amathi- (Greek: sand [dust]).

ambi-, amb- (Latin: both, on both sides; around, about).

amblyo-, ambly- (Greek: dull, dullness, dim, dimness, blunt; stupid).

ambo- (Latin: both; the two).

amni- (Latin: stream of water, river).

-andro-, andr-, -ander, -andra, -andria, -andrian, -andric, -andrism, -androus, -andries, -andry (Greek: man, male; as contrasted to woman; stamen or anther).

anima-, anim- (Latin: animal life; breath; soul; mind).

aniso-, anis- (Greek: unequal; by extension: unsymmetrical, uneven; dissimilar, unlike).

apodyso-, -apodys-, -dyso, -dys, -dysis (Greek: undress, disrobe; take off, strip, lay bare; shed, molt).

aracho-, arachi-, araki- (Greek > Latin: legume; peanut).

arch-, archi- (Greek > Latin: chief, principal leader, first [in position or rank]).

-arch, -archic, -archical, -archism, -archy (Greek: govern, rule; ruler, chief [first in position]).

-arian (Latin: a suffix; a person who, a thing that; a person who is a part of something, pertaining to one’s state or condition).

-ase (Greek: a suffix indicating an enzyme).

athero-, ather- (Greek: groats, porridge).

atmo-, atm- (Greek: vapor, steam; air, gas; respiration).

atrio-, atri- (Latin: entrance hall or chamber; upper heart chamber; central room).

author- (Latin: master, leader; he/she who brings about [something]).