The characters in Criminal Minds work for the BAU (Behavioral Analysis Unit) of the FBI. Their jobs don't actually exist. Yes, there is a Behavioral Science Unit (BSU) for the Federal Bureau of Investigation and it is sometimes called the Behavioral Analysis Unit. However, the true reality is that an agent for the BSU does not fly on an airplane to police departments in trouble of trying to complex solve cases, creating profiles, and going after the "unsub". Instead, the BSU is made up of about 8-12 FBI agents. These agents have to personally write a referral to be transferred to that particular department. If an agent is accepted into the BSU, then s/he will literally be in a room reading reports of career criminals and creating profiles based on these long sessions of reading and studying. To be more accurate, a psychologist/psychiatrist will actually be assigned to a police department... read more
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Years ago, I attended a class on Cognitive Intervention. I remember on the wall just to the right of where I sat was a sign that read "The hardest and most important lesson in life to learn is to do that which is necessary, even when it is unpleasant and uncomfortable". Simple enough right? I remember thinking to myself how unnecessary this was. I mean, it's just some pithy statement to say what everyone already knew. I don't know why, but I couldn't stop thinking about this, and the more I thought about the sign, the more profound it seemed to me. A couple months passed, then one day it hit me like a ton of bricks: The very essence of success can be found in that one statement! Failure to apply this principle in our lives has resulted in a general inability to succeed in life. Let me give you a couple examples as a way of explanation... I once had a job at a linen company that I hated. The work was very physically demanding and dirty, and the more... read more
Though not exactly a new concept, archetypes were perhaps best defined by Carl Jung, a Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist, and once pupil of Sigmund Freud. Ask a thousand people to describe something and you will get a thousand different responses, depending on the experiences and beliefs of the individual. The interpretation of God, for instance, will vary from person to person and at no time will you have two identical responses to an inquiry into the nature of God. According to Jung, the true essence of a thing is essentially unknowable and indefinable. Perhaps the underlying nature of all abstract objects is energy. There is a substance that is all together unknowable; we ascribe meaning to this substance, according to our limited experiences and ideology. The indescribable substance would be the archetype, while the layers of meaning we use to define this would be what Jung called "complexes".
What is the difference between a Psychologist, a Psychiatrist, a Psychotherapist, and a School Psychologist?
Psychologists have a doctoral degree in psychology (Psy.D. or Ph.D.) and are professionally trained to assess, diagnose and treat mental health issues. They have advanced training in counseling, psychotherapy, psychological testing, and the science of behavior change. Psychologists are the only professionals qualified to use certain kinds of psychological tests to assess intelligence, emotional and behavioral problems, and neuropsychological dysfunction. In addition to this degree, he or she must pass professional state examinations, complete one-year of supervised postdoctoral clinical work, and agree to follow ethical codes and standards of practice. Psychiatrists obtain a degree in medicine (M.D.) and then take at least 4 years of specialized residency training in psychiatry, which generally refers to the study, assessment, and treatment of emotional and behavioral problems. Their treatment of choice is most often pharmacotherapy (medication), often augmented... read more
Request for comments and suggestions regarding "Parental Alienation" in divorce or post-divorce cases
Please let me know your experience, or any helpful information you may have regarding Parental Alienation in divorce (or post-divorce) cases. I am deeply concerned for the well-being of some children who may be victims of Parental Alienation. I have been told that this is a form of child abuse, since it can seriously impact a child's self-esteem. Research shows that children in divorce cases are under stress, and when one parent "vilifies" the other parent, it can cause emotional damage to the child, or children. If you can take a minute to comment or email me directly, I would greatly appreciate your assistance. Thanks in advance--I hope to hear from you soon.
Since I am new to the site, I would like to tell you a little bit about me. I worked as a Supplemental Instruction leader for an Anatomy and Physiology course for over two years. This position is given to those who have taken the course and received a high grade and who have participated in training regarding tutoring styles and study skills. I held three sessions per week which were optional for the students. Anywhere from one to one hundred students would attend depending on the difficultly of the current material or whether or not they had an exam in the near future. I was required to submit lesson plans and create mock exams/review sessions. I love working in groups or one-on-one. I am majoring in Biology and Psychology with a minor in Biochemistry. I have finished all courses required for my minor (plus two extra). I am almost done with my Biology degree. I have taken basic psychology classes as well as advanced ones such as Biopsychology, Behavioral Neuroscience, Statistics... read more
Currently, I'm tutoring a 9th grader in biology. After fielding some questions about cell division, he asks me, "Are you good at math?" I say, "Yes." we then work on a bit of geometry. He then asks me, "Are you good at English?" I told him that I am, and that's one of the reasons his mother picked me. I'm reasonably capable and knowledgeable in many areas. But the truth is a bit more complicated. I'm not a good tutor just because I know a lot of things about a lot of subjects. Knowledge helps, but it's not the whole story. Parents appreciate my subject area competence. But they appreciate my psychological insight more. For a number of reasons, I think I'm relatively good at "reading" students. Through some gentle questioning, and observation, I can infer things about their motivation, and their way of thinking. This is in the first meeting. With time, I can infer their values, hopes and fears, and tailor tutoring in a way that... read more
In the early 1900’s, psychologists B. F. Skinner and John B. Watson developed a new branch of psychology they called behaviorism. Both scientists believed that human behavior was shaped by their environment and their reactions to it. They called this behavioral shaping “conditioning”. This article briefly describes the two types of behavioral conditioning and how parents, tutors, and teachers can use them to improve a student’s study habits. Two Types of Conditioning Skinner and Watson identified two types of conditioning in human behavioral studies: operant and classical conditioning. Classical conditioning is probably the most familiar to readers due to psychologist Ivan Pavlov’s famous experiments with his dogs (he actually used about 60 different dogs in his experiments). The differences between the two types of behavioral conditioning (or “training”) are in the kinds of behaviors each one targets. In classical conditioning, the trainer targets involuntary, or... read more
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Professional athletes hire personal trainers and learn as much as possible about getting the most out of their bodies. They study things such as exercise’s effect on muscles, the vitamins and minerals they’ll need to rebuild muscle, and how much water they’ll need to drink to stay hydrated while working out. Students can use the same approach by learning about biopsychology and learning - related biopsychology research to get their brains in tiptop shape. This article will teach you a few things about biopsychology so you can get your brain ready for maximum learning. What is Your Brain Made Of? About 70% of our brain is made up of fatty acids. (The other 30% is made up of protein.) This is because the cell membranes of neurons, the cells that make up our brain, are created by a double layer of fatty acids. The cell membrane holds all the cell’s contents and gives neurons their shape. So, when you see a picture of your brain, you are looking at the cell membranes of... read more
Nearly all high school and college students have a research paper requirement. Many college students are likely facing imminent research paper deadlines as the semester ends. Writing research papers can cause a lot of anxiety. This article will teach you how to narrow your research topic, clarify your thesis statement, and sort and organize your research to help you simplify your final editing process. Editing for Both Quality and Quantity. One common issue is having a research paper that is either too long or too short. Narrowing and clarifying your topic will help you write a better thesis statement and help you use only your most important or interesting facts and information. A properly focused topic will help save time by helping you use more specific keywords and phrases for your Internet search. You’ll be able to collect the facts you need in no time. Narrowing Your Topic. Many teachers or professors give students a broad research paper topic. For example, your... read more
Your brain has “cheats” and shortcuts to make it work more efficiently, just like some video games! There are things students can do to “glitch” their brains so they soak up information like a sponge. All of these “cheats” are things we should do to keep our brains healthy to ensure they keep working at maximum capacity throughout our lives. This article lists four brain “cheats”, how they help students learn, and a brief explanation of why they work. Brain “Cheats” When I started playing video games in the 1980’s, gamers were nothing like they are today. The Internet (GASP!) didn’t exist. We couldn’t look up articles or videos on how to finish the hard sections of the video games we played. Some gamers did learn “cheats” anyway: ways to get advantages you could use to make it easier to finish all the levels. For example, the cheat for “Space Invaders” on the system I played had (Atari 2600!) was to hold down the “reset” button while turning your console on to get 99... read more
I taught my middle school students about memory at the beginning of each school year. I quizzed them about their memories over the next three to four weeks, then reduced the reviews to once every other week. My students commented, “Why do you keep quizzing us about memory? We already know this stuff.” My response was, “Exactly! That’s why I keep quizzing you.” Students of all ages use different learning techniques that teachers and parents have taught them. Each technique is based on memory related research. This article will help parents, teachers, tutors, and all students understand the four stages of memory and how to use this knowledge to improve the quality and quantity of learning. Four Stages of Memory Human memory is a four - stage process: input, encoding, rehearsal, and retrieval. A problem at any stage affects memory and learning. When I teach these stages to my students, I use a filing cabinet analogy. Here’s how the analogy goes: Think of your brain... read more
My first tutor session was 3 years ago. I will never forget that week. :) I was contacted by a German family looking for a unique service. A vacation tutor. Basically they were looking for a tutor to host them for their stay while checking their english lessons and helping them continue their personal pursuits of psychology and sociology with a broader experience of the world. They were hoping to send their children to America for college but when they were 13 and 14, they wanted to give them a glimpse first so that they could make their own choices. :) I picked them up from the airport and they were exhausted so I was nice enough to give them the rest of the evening off before making them see what the state had to offer haha. The rest of the week we visited many places that put their studies further into light or more into question. I have always liked to make learning fun and the real world is the perfect place to bring textbook knowledge into fruition. They learned... read more
My recommended strategy to Students at all academic levels for learning and successfully passing the course at all modalities (on-line, on-ground) is the culmination of at least ten years of teaching and tutoring statistics at the undergraduate, graduate, and post-graduate levels in business, management, sciences, social studies, and psychology. It consists of the following: 1. The first is to learn how to overcome fear and anxiety from the unknown and look at tutoring as a prudent investment to your immediate future and success. Engage the tutor from the start of the course and don't prolong the decision because of the complexity and quantitative nature of the subject area. This component of the overall strategy is to keep the weekly normal pace and retain basic real life knowledge for ongoing participation in the political and economic process of the National affairs and State-of-the-Union. 2. Academic Reading Materials and Study Guides encompass three distinct sections... read more
Hi, I'm a new tutor to this site. Within the past few days, I've been working on getting certified in as many subjects as possible. These are all of the subjects I'm certified to tutor in on the website. Most of the subjects are in math or science. Some are in English topics as well like in reading and writing, etc. I also am certified to tutor to prepare for a lot of standardized tests and a few common computer software programs people use. Please read my profile if you need a new tutor in the Hillsboro or Portland area! -Ann
Summertime ... swimming, reading, barbeques, hanging with friends. Summer jobs and going out after work. Yet for some, schoolwork and studying are a big part of our summer agenda. No matter what time of year you are studying, it is crucial to know when to stop and take a break. Forcing your attention past your limit will not be productive. If you can't summarize what you just read, you have read too long. If you are making more mistakes on your math homework, it's time to do something else. What's your ideal study session? It might be an hour or two, or it might be only 20 minutes. Stick to the length of time that works best for you. When you come back refreshed, you will learn more easily. Get into the slower summertime pace. When the fall comes, remember to stop studying and do something else, even if only for a few minutes. Your brain will thank you.
How do Profs think? Let this long-time college prof help you get through Soc and Psych courses and interpret your all important syllabus and texts...
Often, students are not taught HOW to study and what to study. As a long-time college professor I can share teacher techniques and how we choose what we choose related to tests and discussions. There are also basic principles of testing that must be learned. Take some time now during your break to learn how to study and what to study and even how to take tests, so in the Fall you will be ready to go with a fresh outlook and new knowledge toward academic success. These principles work for all students (even if you are in high school--especially if you are taking college courses in your last year)--I can also help you with your college course syllabus--a big deal document (guide) that your profs spend a lot of time producing...which many students ignore! I can help you "read between the lines" of any syllabus and get to know what your professors are really thinking, saying and wanting from you through their syllabus.
You are brilliant when it comes to some of your courses, but in other areas...you just don't get it. It may not be just you! Humans learn in different ways and professors tend to teach to the masses. As an experienced professor, I teach students in more of a visual, applicable fashion. When you and I finish with our tutoring sessions you will understand the material because you will make it your own through example and solid application to your life and experiences. Basic Psych courses (and Soc) are typically the most failed courses taken by students. Often because students get lost in the minutia--and there's a lot of it. The idea is to pay more attention to concepts and "be like a bird flying over the course"--picking up concepts, rather than a zillion details. Let's get going...send me an email now and let's discuss what is possible so you can begin getting better grades! You can do it! I am happy to help.
Flash cards -- highlighting -- writing down definitions. Do you do all that and still have low test scores? Often, straight memorization is not enough to really learn the subject well. For example, in biology you may learn that proteins are formed from peptide chains. You may also learn that a polymer is a chemical compound that has repeated units. But if an exam question refers to a "polypeptide," you might not realize that it was talking about a protein. The key here is to make associations. What are polymers? What type of biological compounds can be classed as polymers? "Poly" means "many." So, a polypeptide would be "many peptides." What compound is composed of many peptides? A protein, of course. This type of reasoning is not developed by straight memorization. You need to reach for the meaning. Make lists, tables, or diagrams; look up words; make links and associations. Write definitions in your own words only. Don't guess... read more