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The Basics of Adobe Illustrator

What is Illustrator?
A vector program using to create graphics which are scalable without loss of resolution.

A vector program differs from a raster/bitmap program (such as photoshop), in that vector graphics can be resized without looking pixelated because they are based on algorithms.

A raster program creates graphics which are made out of pixels, thus they appear pixelated when enlarged.

Scalable without resolution loss
Lines are crisp and sharp at any sizes
Print at high resolution
Smaller file size
Good for drawing illustrations

Disadvantages of vector graphics
Drawings tend to look flat and cartoon
Hard to produce photo realistic drawings

Workspace

Artboard
Control Palette
Toolbox
Status Bar

Quick Keys - MEMORIZE THESE!

Selection Tool - V
Direct Selection Tool - A
Pen Tool - P
Type Tool - T
Brush Tool - B
Pencil Tool - N

Contain a shape’s proportion - Shift + drag
Undo - Cmd + Z
Copy - Cmd + C
Paste - Cmd + V
Save - Cmd + S

There are many, many, many more, but these are the most important ones for now.

Floating Palette

Swatches
Brushes
Symbols
Stroke
Gradient
Transparency
Appearance
Graphic Styles
Layers



DRAWING:

Shapes

1. Draw a basic shape using the rectangle, or ellipse tool.
2. Use the Direct Selection tool (A) to alter the anchor points.
3. Give the shape a blue fill and a red stroke.
4. Scale the object to a larger size.
5. Rotate the object to the left.
6. Flip the object horizontally.

Pen tool

1. Draw a shape using the pen tool. To create straight lines, hold down the shift key while clicking. Remember to close the shape by returning to the original anchor point.
2. Give the shape a fill and stroke.
3. Add 3 anchor points on the shape. Alter the shape by changing the anchor points (hint: use the direct selection tool to alter anchor points)

Type Tool

1. Use the type tool (T) to write out some text. Transform the text with a different typeface, color, and size.