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Discuss the future of modernization in the United States, the consequences of modernization, and the existence of modernization in the world.

A description of how modernization manifests itself in society is included.· A prediction and explanation of whether modernization is likely to continue in the United States is provided.

· Modernization as a world-wide trend is addressed.

· The consequences of modernization are outlined.


Interesting question, Jamal, with a wide range of possible answers. However, I'm going to provide you with a point of view not from that of a sociologist, but from a biologist. I'm going to simplify and condense my answer greatly, so please let me know if you'd like me to expand. Essentially, "modernization" in the United States means reliance on a capitalist economy for survival purposes. Here's the problem with that choice. Capitalism depends upon the continuous use of the planet's resources to sustain itself or "grow." There are two kinds of resources available: renewable and non-renewable. When non-renewable resources are used up, they are gone for good, except that many leave a remnant in the form of pollution or waste. A clear example of this in modern American society is the impact we're seeing coming from global warming. When you combine an ever increasing human population, with a continuous use of resources, and an economy that is totally dependent upon the mass consumption of those resources, what you have, in my humble opinion, is a recipe for disaster. And that I believe is exactly where "modernization" is leading us. And it's become a far more serious matter when countries like India and China, with their billions of people, hop on board the modernization/over-consumption band wagon because they yearn for a better lifestyle. Here's the bottom line: Modernization, as we call it, and its perpetuation, is causing the planet to rapidly go extinct. Really. In earth's history, we've had five great mass extinctions spread out over billions of years, all caused by natural activity (meteors, volcanoes, extended warming and cooling spells, etc.). Scientists are now claiming that we have entered the sixth great mass extinction (Google it), the first to be caused by an organism on the planet: humans. Twenty or so years ago, it was estimated that we were losing a species of organism a day to extinction on the planet. That number has now risen to 100/day! The combination of human overpopulation, global warming, non-stop habitat destruction, pollution, etc. is probably going to bring the whole house down, and relatively soon. If this is true, then the very definition of modernization (a movement forward that supposedly benefits mankind) has to be questioned. Is modernization really leading us forward or is it about to drive the planet, including us, to extinction? I'll leave you with that question. Thanks for the opportunity to respond. Again, this s the abbreviated version.

In what direction, Jamal? Where can I fill in the gaps? (I go by Scott.)


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