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What is the antecedent of the pronoun they?

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2 Answers

An antecedent is the word the pronoun is replacing.
 
In the sentence English settlers built forts and towns, bu they also established farms. The pronoun is "they".  Using the context of the sentence, forts and towns would not establish farms so the correct answer is settlers.
Hi Kevin;
2. settlers
The word they refers to the settlers in the preceding phrase.