The definition of the word evidence is not specified in your question.
If you mean legal evidence, almost all of the above is hearsay and
double-hearsay. Hearsay is a circumstance in which the individual providing testimony had no direct experience with the content of the testimony. For example, "My neighbor told me that he committed a crime. I came home and told
my family this." In a courtroom, I cannot testify that he committed the crime. However, in law, there are
hearsay exception rules. One of these is confessions. So I may be able to testify that my neighbor confessed to me, if the judge allows it. However, my family cannot under any circumstances, testify because that is double-hearsay.
In the context of your question, a learned treatise can be considered an exception to the hearsay rule and possibly admitted into evidence at courtroom trial. A monograph is a possibility, depending on the subject matter.
Encyclopedias and textbooks would likely be considered double-hearsay. These are typically not authored by one person. Even if such is, and even if that person is willing to testify, more than likely, this individual executed research by reading
monographs which are possibly hearsay.
Historical novels are typically fiction. One historical novel is Gone with the Wind. The author, Margaret Mitchell, based her story on the stories told to her by her grandmother. Mitchell mentions this
relationship once. It is when Rhett and Scarlet are exiting Atlanta after the fire. They are watching the retreat of the Confederate soldiers and he says to her, "You can tell your grandchildren how you watched the Old South disappear one night."
Another hearsay exception rule is family records. Henceforth, Margaret Mitchell could possibly testify to what her grandmother told her and what she recorded. But the historical novel is not admissible as evidence.
Anthropology is quite likely considered evidence, depending on what is meant by anthropology. An anthropologist goes out into the field, such as in Greenland, and studies a people, such as the Eskimos. If the anthropologist is available to testify, that
is evidence. If not, then such learned treatise authored by the anthropologist should be available. I majored in anthropology. My experience is that there are more direct testimonials than textbooks or information provided by encyclopedias. In
the college introductory courses I took, there were very few textbooks available. We immediately began with professional articles organized in compendiums. I minored in physics. In that department, we worked almost exclusively with textbooks.
So the answer to your question is historical novels as well as non-learned treatises such as some monographs.