Hi Chris! There are three items to consider as you answer these questions.
First, what's the probability that the first card you draw will be an ace? To solve, we need to know the number of aces in the deck, and how many total cards are in the deck. Let's look at an equivalent problem. Say you have four billiard balls, two
solids and two that are striped The chance of picking a solid is 50/50 (i.e., 50%), because two (solids) divided by four (total balls) is 1/2. In your case, perhaps you can presume you're working with a standard deck of 52 cards with 4 aces, so you can do
the math to determine the probability of selecting an ace on the first draw.
Second, assuming you didn't draw an ace and the game proceeds to a second draw: The card you drew must go back into the deck before you draw a card again. Is the deck of cards you're working with now (before draw #2) any different than the deck of cards
you originally started with (before draw #1)? Are there more or fewer cards in the deck? Are there more or fewer aces? If the conditions have changed, then the probability has changed. If the conditions remain the same, then the probability remains the
same.
Lastly, if you flip a coin 100 times, you could conceivably get heads every time. Not very likely, but it's possible, because the odds of getting heads is never guaranteed at 100% (unless both sides of the coin are heads). This should help you respond
to question e.
Hope this helps!
Bill