How do you check if a function is one-to-one by looking at its graph? How do you check if two function is the inverse of each other? Provide an one-to-one function for you classmate to find the inverse function.
What is an one-to-one function?
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One to one function is a function in which for every X, in domain,there is one and only one value for f( X)
i.e. a linear function:
f( X) = 2X + 3
X= 2 f(x) = 2* 2 + 3 = 7 , it can be tried for all X
f (X )= 11 2X = 11 -3 = 8 X = 4 it is true also for all values of f(X).
Now consider g( X) = X2 X = ( 1, 2, 3, .......) result in g(X) = ( 1, 4, 9, ......)
But for g(X) = ( 1, 4, 9 , .....) result in X (±1,±2, ±3) and so on.
Therefore by definition g(x) is not a one to one function.
For a function to be one to one. It has to pass the vertical and horizontal test.
From each point of the curve, if we draw a horizontal and vertical line it should have only one
In above example of g(x) = 4 , drawing Y = 4 intersects g(X) in 2 points of X=±2 .
One to one
If you can draw a horizontal line that crosses the graph in more than one place, then the function is NOT one to one. For example, a parabola is a u-shaped graph. You can cross the graph in two places. Any straight line is a one to one graph.