I would like to know if anyone can make suggestions on tutoring students where ESL Thanks
any special techniques or advice on how to tutor students ESL
Nancy, I have tutored a number of English language learners, both children and adults. I usually structure my one-hour lessons in thirds. The first third is devoted to reading. I use texts the students can read for pleasure, if possible. Of course, if the student needs to read certain material as a part off his/ her coursework, I use that text. I usually take turns reading with the student by pages or paragraphs, depending on the student's reading endurance. We pause frequently to discuss vocabulary and check for comprehension. I find asking the student to tell me in his/her own words the content of that page or paragraph is very effective. The second third of the lesson is devoted to grammar and writing activities. I especially like tandem writing where one of us writes the first sentence of a story, and the other writes the second sentence. We alternate sentences and see where the story takes us! It is easy and non-threatening to edit and correct one sentence at a time by erasing and making the correction--NO red pens! The last third of the lesson is always a game. Even my adult students relish this part of the lesson. You can use purchased language games or games you develop that are skill-specific. Getting the students up and moving during the game is also a good thing. Last, encourage, praise, and enjoy! You can't be too lavish in your praise, and making tutoring enjoyable helps increase the student's comfort level and desire to learn.
Teaching ESL is the best job ever!
Since ESL students are trying to take in a lot at the same time, structure helps them acquire the new language easier.
Take into account the age of your student when choosing your curriculum. For middle school and high school there are innumerable sources with simple vocabulary but high interest.
There are materials designed for college students too; some deal with grammar and some with pronunciation.
Plan ahead, fill in gaps, and try to anticipate what the student teacher's direction is in order to prepare the student for material to be taught.
ESL tutoring is challenging. The object of ESL is to teach English without referencing the students native tongue. For beginning students I recommend using the same books you would use to teach pre-school students. These books make reading intuitive.