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Judith W.

Williamsburg, VA

$50/hr

HaveFunWithScience

Background check passed as of 12/18/13
Usually responds in about 6 hours

HaveFunWithScience

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Why You Should Choose Me As Your Science Tutor.

My undergraduate studies were at Virginia Commonwealth University in 1987 with degrees in Biology, Chemistry and Math. I graduated from William and Mary with a MaED in Education in 1990 with endorsements in Biology, Chemistry, Earth Science, General Science II, and math up to and including Calculus. I then took classes at the University of Virginia at the Post Graduate level. In addition to my certifications I have 28 years of successful teaching to the Virginia SOL's.

I have received formal training as a teacher; and have an advanced degree in my subject field. I will come to your home or office, and I also offer live web classes at excellent rates. I am patient, well-organized, exigent and inventive. I am sensitive to the different learning styles of my students I provide students with my own carefully prepared study materials (for free) in addition to the texts we use.

Availability: I am available in Hampton Roads for in person classes Mondays thru Friday as well as on Saturday and Sunday. I am willing to do before school or after school tutoring.

Who studies with me: My student base includes high school and college students trying to raise their grades and/or prepare for standardized tests. All of my young students came to me struggling and are now getting A's. My youngest science genius is 10.

How web classes work: Web classes require a computer, a web cam and a fast (not dial up) connection. You will be amazed at how fun a web class can be! We speak via Skype (free download), and use the chat field as a blackboard. Homework assignments and links are passed back and forth with ease. You don't have to spend one second traveling to class, scheduling is easier, and it's priced right!


I invite you to email me with your questions and to talk about what you need.

Testimonials

"I highly recommend this teacher."

- Sarah, Williamsburg, VA on 8/10/13

"Amazing Tutor"

- Kayla, Newport News, VA on 8/9/13
Special Needs:
ADD/ADHD,
Phonics
Business:
GRE
Test Preparation:
ACT Math,
ACT Science,
ASVAB,
GRE,
PSAT, SOL
Corporate Training:
Grammar,
Proofreading

Approved subjects are in bold.

Approved subjects

In most cases, tutors gain approval in a subject by passing a proficiency exam. For some subject areas, like music and art, tutors submit written requests to demonstrate their proficiency to potential students. If a tutor is interested but not yet approved in a subject, the subject will appear in non-bold font. Tutors need to be approved in a subject prior to beginning lessons.

ACT Math

In the Mathematics Test, three subscores are based on six content areas: pre-algebra, elementary algebra, intermediate algebra, coordinate geometry, plane geometry, and trigonometry.

Pre-Algebra/Elementary Algebra
Pre-Algebra (23%). Questions in this content area are based on basic operations using whole numbers, decimals, fractions, and integers; place value; square roots and approximations; the concept of exponents; scientific notation; factors; ratio, proportion, and percent; linear equations in one variable; absolute value and ordering numbers by value; elementary counting techniques and simple probability; data collection, representation, and interpretation; and understanding simple descriptive statistics.
Elementary Algebra (17%). Questions in this content area are based on properties of exponents and square roots, evaluation of algebraic expressions through substitution, using variables to express functional relationships, understanding algebraic operations, and the solution of quadratic equations by factoring.

Intermediate Algebra/Coordinate Geometry
Intermediate Algebra (15%). Questions in this content area are based on an understanding of the quadratic formula, rational and radical expressions, absolute value equations and inequalities, sequences and patterns, systems of equations, quadratic inequalities, functions, modeling, matrices, roots of polynomials, and complex numbers.
Coordinate Geometry (15%). Questions in this content area are based on graphing and the relations between equations and graphs, including points, lines, polynomials, circles, and other curves; graphing inequalities; slope; parallel and perpendicular lines; distance; midpoints; and conics.

Plane Geometry/Trigonometry
Plane Geometry (23%). Questions in this content area are based on the properties and relations of plane figures, including angles and relations among perpendicular and parallel lines; properties of circles, triangles, rectangles, parallelograms, and trapezoids; transformations; the concept of proof and proof techniques; volume; and applications of geometry to three dimensions.

Trigonometry (7%). Questions in this content area are based on understanding trigonometric relations in right triangles; values and properties of trigonometric functions; graphing trigonometric functions; modeling using trigonometric functions; use of trigonometric identities; and solving trigonometric equations.

ACT Science

The content of the Science Test includes biology, chemistry, physics, and the Earth/space sciences (for example, geology, astronomy, and meteorology). Advanced knowledge in these subjects is not required, but background knowledge acquired in general, introductory science courses is needed to answer some of the questions. The test emphasizes scientific reasoning skills over recall of scientific content, skill in mathematics, or reading ability.

The scientific information is conveyed in one of three different formats:

Data Representation. This format presents graphic and tabular material similar to that found in science journals and texts. The questions associated with this format measure skills such as graph reading, interpretation of scatterplots, and interpretation of information presented in tables, diagrams, and figures.
Research Summaries. This format provides descriptions of one or more related experiments. The questions focus on the design of experiments and the interpretation of experimental results.
Conflicting Viewpoints. This format presents expressions of several hypotheses or views that, being based on differing premises or on incomplete data, are inconsistent with one another. The questions focus on the understanding, analysis, and comparison of alternative viewpoints or hypotheses.

ADD/ADHD

I have worked with children with ADD/ADHD for over 30 years. My school schedules students with this diagnosis into my classes on purpose. I also have three children with this diagnosis so I have personal as well as educational knowledge on this topic.

Algebra 1

The main goal of tutoring is to provide students with a thorough and extensive study of linear and quadratic functions, and graphing on the xy-coordinate system in support of classroom instruction. Students will receive instruction above what is provided by the classroom teacher, and guided and individual practice in solving and graphing equations and inequalities, word problems, ratios and proportions. Homework help is available upon request.

Tutoring starts off with a quick review of basic algebraic concepts, such as variables, order of operations, exponents and problem solving skills. Students gain confidence thorough introduction to functions, the basis of all of algebra and higher mathematics, such as calculus. Students will learn how to solve linear equations, including multi-step equations, equations with multiple variables and equations involving decimals, as well as write a linear equation based on the graph of a line.

Tutoring usually involves 3 parts: an independent lesson on what is being covered by the classroom teacher, guided practice, then individual practice. I can provide the individual practice, or the student can bring their homework and we can use those problems. Often before a major quiz or test, I will incorporate test taking skills into the tutoring session to build student confidence.

I end the session by making sure my students feel confident in the material covered and ask if there is anything they feel I need to do to improve their session. I am willing to maintain contact with teachers and parents as to progress if that is necessary for the student's success.

American History

American History is designed as a concentrated study of our nation from post American Civil War to the present. Students will develop a historical and ethical empathy for the application of history's lessons to future problem solving. Critical thinking and writing will be emphasized. Current issues will be discussed and evaluated in their historical context. The twentieth century has witnessed profound changes and will be the focus of intense study.

Topics:
The Birth of Modern America (1865-1900
Imperialism and Progressivism (1880-1920) Boom and Bust (1920-1941)
Global Struggles (1931-1960)
A Time of Upheaval (1954-1980)
Toward Equality and Social Reform (1954-1976)
A Changing Society (1968 – Present)

Anatomy

Tutoring is to provide exploratory extensions and advanced activities in the structures and functions of the components of the human body. Topics include the study of anatomical terminology, cells, basic chemistry, blood, human systems, immune response, inheritance, and genetic disorders. Emphasis is placed on the integration of systems as they relate to normal health.

Outline
Introduction Human Body
• Overview of organ systems
• Directional and regional terms
• Cavities and planes
• Homeostasis and negative and positive
feedback systems
• Life processes
2. Tissues and Integumentary System
• Cell membranes, transport and junctions
• Structure, function and locations of
epithelial, connective, muscle and
nerve tissues
• Microscopic identification of tissue
types
• Structure and function of skin, (layers
and accessory organs)
3. Growth, repair and pigmentation of skin
4. Skeletal System
• Functions of skeletal system
Anatomy of long bone
• Bone histology
• Naming all bones of axial and
appendicular skeleton
• Formation, growth and repair
• Structural and functional
classification of joints
• Types of movement
• Calcium homeostasis
5. Muscular System
• Functions of muscular system
• Names of all major muscles
• Origin, insertion and action
• Sliding Filament Model
• Neuromuscular junction
• Structure (gross and microscopic)
Physiology of muscle contraction
• Muscle metabolism (ATP)
• Fiber types
6. Cardiovascular System
• Functions of circulatory system
• Heart structures (chambers, valves,
vessels)
• Circulatory routes (systemic,
pulmonary, coronary and hepatic
portal)
• Blood vessels and pressure
• Blood components, function and typing
• Blood clotting
• Regulation and conduction (EKG)
7. Lymphatic/Immune System
• Functions of lymphatic system
• Structures (vessels, nodes, cells)
• Lines of defense
• Humoral immune response
• Cell mediated immune response
• Immune cell types
• Disease/AIDS
8. Digestion and Nutrition
• Functions of digestive organs
• Modes of mechanical digestion
• Chemical digestion (hormones, enzymes,
pH)
• Absorption and elimination
• Name parts of GI Tract and accessory
organs
• Nutrition and metabolism (production of
ATP)
• Biological polymers

Astronomy

Who has not gazed with wonder at the night sky? The great canopy of stars stretching overhead suggests that our world is part of a vastly larger cosmos. But how large is it? Where do we fit in? And how did it all begin? These questions have puzzled stargazers for thousands of years, and the search for answers helped spark the great advances of the Scientific Revolution in the 16th and 17th centuries. But only in our own time has the full picture of the true immensity, variety, and surpassing strangeness of the Universe come into focus.

Grand Tour of the Cosmos
The Rainbow Connection
Sunrise, Sunset
Bright Objects in the Night Sky
Fainter Phenomena in the Night Sky
Our Sky through Binoculars and Telescopes
The Celestial Sphere
The Reason for the Seasons
Lunar Phases and Eerie Lunar Eclipses
Glorious Total Solar Eclipses
More Eclipse Tales
Early Studies of the Solar System
The Geocentric Universe
Galileo and the Copernican Revolution
Refinements to the Heliocentric Model
On the Shoulders of Giants
Surveying Space and Time
Scale Models of the Universe
Light—The Supreme Informant
The Wave-Particle Duality of Light
The Colors of Stars
The Fingerprints of Atoms
Modern Telescopes
A Better Set of Eyes
Our Sun, the Nearest Star
The Earth, Third Rock from the Sun
Our Moon, Earth's Nearest Neighbor
Mercury and Venus
Of Mars and Martians
Jupiter and Its Amazing Moons
Magnificent Saturn
Uranus and Neptune, the Small Giants
Pluto and Its Cousins
Asteroids and Dwarf Planets
Comets—Gorgeous Primordial Snowballs
Catastrophic Collisions
The Formation of Planetary Systems
The Quest for Other Planetary Systems
Extra-Solar Planets Galore!
Life Beyond the Earth
The Search for Extraterrestrials
Special Relativity and Interstellar Travel
Stars—Distant Suns
The Intrinsic Brightnesses of Stars
The Diverse Sizes of Stars
Binary Stars and Stellar Masses
Star Clusters, Ages, and Remote Distances
How Stars Shine—Nature's Nuclear Reactors
Solar Neutrinos—Probes of the Sun's Core
Brown Dwarfs and Free-Floating Planets
Our Sun's Brilliant Future
White Dwarfs and Nova Eruptions
Exploding Stars—Celestial Fireworks!
White Dwarf Supernovae—Stealing to Explode
Core-Collapse Supernovae—Gravity Wins
The Brightest Supernova in Nearly 400 Years
The Corpses of Massive Stars
Einstein's General Theory of Relativity
Warping of Space and Time
Black Holes—Abandon Hope, Ye Who Enter
The Quest for Black Holes
Imagining the Journey to a Black Hole
Wormholes—Gateways to Other Universes?
Quantum Physics and Black-Hole Evaporation
Enigmatic Gamma-Ray Bursts
Birth Cries of Black Holes
Our Home—The Milky Way Galaxy
Structure of the Milky Way Galaxy
Other Galaxies—"Island Universes"
The Dark Side of Matter
Cosmology—The Really Big Picture
Expansion of the Universe and the Big Bang
Searching for Distant Galaxies
The Evolution of Galaxies
Active Galaxies and Quasars
Cosmic Powerhouses of the Distant Past
Supermassive Black Holes
Feeding the Monster
The Paradox of the Dark Night Sky
The Age of the Universe
When Geometry Is Destiny
The Mass Density of the Universe
Einstein's Biggest Blunder?
The Afterglow of the Big Bang
Ripples in the Cosmic Background Radiation
The Stuff of the Cosmos
Dark Energy—Quantum Fluctuations?
Dark Energy—Quintessence?
Grand Unification & Theories of Everything
Searching for Hidden Dimensions
The Shape, Size, and Fate of the Universe
In the Beginning
The Inflationary Universe
The Ultimate Free Lunch?
A Universe of Universes
Reflections on Life and the Cosmos

ASVAB

The ASVAB consists of the following eight individual tests:
General Science
Arithmetic Reasoning
Word Knowledge
Paragraph Comprehension
Mathematics Knowledge
Electronics Information
Auto and Shop Information
Mechanical Comprehension

Students are provided with scores on each of these individual tests and three Career Exploration Score composites: Verbal Skills, Math Skills and Science and Technical Skills. The battery takes approximately three hours to complete, and test results are returned to schools in a few weeks.

The Military uses students' ASVAB scores to identify the occupations that best suit their abilities. Junior, senior and post-secondary school students can use their ASVAB scores for enlistment for up to two years after taking the test.

I generally tutor for the General Science, Arithmetic Reasoning and Mathematics knowledge sections, but I can tutor on any specific topic or the overall test with an emphasis on Test Taking Skills.

I divide the topics up into 9 lessons. Each lesson comes with a mini review of the topic and some practive problems. Usually we cover one topic per tutoring session (hence the 9 lessons), but I am always willing to tutor the sessions to the individual students needs.

For the Arithmetic Reasoning and Mathematical Knowledge, here are the lessons offered:


Review #1 (Basics)
Review #2 (Fractions)
Review #3 (Decimals)
Review #4 (Percentages, Ratios, Proportions, Averages)
Review #5 (Exponents, Radicals, Algebra)
Review #6 (Geometry)
Review #7 (Specific Techniques for Attacking Quantitative Problems)
Review #8 (Charts & Tables)
Review #9 (Quantitative Comparison Questions)

For Scientific Knowledge, the 9 sessions come with mini lessons and practice questions. I spend 2 sessions per topic, with the exception of the biology section where I spend 3 sessions due to the amount of material covered. Again, I am happy to tailor the lessons to the individual students needs. Here are the topics covered:

Earth science: Under this topic, the Earth's atmosphere, laws governing movement of Earth, questions on Geology and tidal movements are covered.

Biology: Under this topic, you will have to answer questions on basic Biology like cellular structure, classification of the plant and animal kingdom, ecology, bio-diversity etc. Other than that, a large number of these questions will be based on human physiology, like the working of the digestive, respiratory, muscular and other similar systems.

Chemistry: These questions will cover basic concepts of high school Chemistry, like periodic table, mixtures, compounds, equations, organic Chemistry etc.

Physics: The questions on Physics will verify your knowledge of basic concepts like Newton's laws, heat, magnetism, optics etc.

Biology

General biology is an introductory course that attempts to cover scientific concepts that may affect you as an individual in our society. As is the case with any science course, there will be a large number of terms for you to learn. Do not try to learn all of these the night before the test. Taking this course is like taking a foreign language because of all of the scientific terminology. Material at the end of the semester will build on material from earlier in the semester, therefore you truly need to learn the material as we go. Cramming the night before the tesst will not put the material into your long term memory. At the end of tutoring you should have a basic understanding of important biological processes and understand the terminology associated with these processes.

Topics Covered
A. Course Overview
B. Characteristics of Living Things
C. The Nature of Science Compared to Non-Science
D. Scientific Method
E. Experimental vs. Observational Science

II. Chemistry
A. Atomic Structure: Subatomic Particles, Electron Shells
B. Chemical Bonding: Covalent, Ionic, Hydrogen Bonds
C. Biologically Important Compounds and Molecules


III. Cell Biology
A. Comparison of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cell Structures
B. Eukaryotic Cell Structure
1. Parts of the cell
2. Membrane Structure and Function
3. Movement Across Membranes
C. Energy Conversion in E1. Dominant/Recessive
1. Laws of Thermodynamics
2. Energy Flow: Photosynthesis, Cell Respiration
IV. Genetics: Heredity
A. Mendel's Laws and Modern Genetic Terminology
B. Monohybrid Crosses and Dihybrid Crosses
C. Patterns of Inheritance
Multiple Allele
D. The Genetics of ABO and Rh Blood Groups

V. Genetics: Molecular
A. Structure and Replication of DNA
B. Structure of RNA
C. Transcription and Translation
D. Control of Expression
E. Techniques of Molecular Genetics
1. DNA Fingerprint
2. PCR
3. Techniques For Inserting Genes Into Cells

VI. Origin of Life
A. Spontaneous Generation
B. Chemosynthetic Origin
1. Inorganics to Organics
2. Organics to Macromolecules
3. Protocells
4. Other Considerations (RNA World?) As Time Permits

VII. Evolution (Origin of Species)
A. History of Development of Evolutionary Principle
B. Mechanisms of Evolution
C. Other Evolutionary Topics
D. Organisms (Evolution)
E. Speciation

VIII. Diversity of Nature Survey
A. Kingdom Survey Monera
B. Kingdom Survey Protista
C. Kingdom Survey Fungi
D. Kingdom Survey Plantae
E. Kingdom Survey Animalia

IX. Population Dynamics
A. General Population Characteristics
B. Human Population Dynamics

X. Ecology
A. Ecosystem Structure
B. The Flow of Energy in Ecosystems
C. Ecosystem Development
D. Biogeochemical Cycles
E. Succession
F. Others Topic in Ecology

Botany

I have a biology degree from Virginia Commonwealth University where I took numerous classes on plants and plant classification. In addition to that I have 25 years' teaching experience in Botany. As a hobby I am a master gardener and frequently lead plant identification trips to the Blue Ridge Mountains for the Virginia Living Museum.

Chemistry

Chemistry is designed to provide an excellent background for college chemistry and is designed for those students who plan on majoring in science or a related fields. Tutoring will include in-depth study of the following topics: Matter: Classification and Description, Measurement, Mathematical concepts applicable to chemistry, Atomic Theory and Structure, Chemical Formulas and Nomenclature, Mass and Energy Relationships in Reactions, Reactions in Aqueous Media, Gases, Thermochemistry, Quantum Theory, and Periodic Relationships of the Elements. Tutoring places extra emphasis on rigorous applications (mathematical and chemical).

Ecology

In Ecology, students study how living things interact with each other and their non-living
environment. Students will study the web of life and how each strand interacts with the other, and how he/she fits into the web. The interactions of science, technology, and society with the environment will also be studied.

Topics Covered:
a. Introduction to Ecology and Environmental Science
b. Ecological Succession
c. Biomes
d. Aquatic Ecosystems
e. Understanding Populations
f. Biodiversity
g. Water and Air in our Environment
h. Atmosphere and Climate Change
i. Land Use and Management
j. Energy – Renewable and Non-Renewable

Elementary (K-6th)

I have over 30+ years' experience teaching and tutoring. I graduated from William and Mary with an MEd in Education.

Elementary Math

Kindergarten Students understand small numbers, quantities, and simple shapes in their everyday environment. They count, compare, describe and sort objects, and develop a sense of properties and patterns.

First Grade Students understand and use the concept of ones and tens in the place value number system. Students add and subtract small numbers with ease. They measure with simple units and locate objects in space. They describe data and analyze and solve simple problems.

Second Grade Students understand place value and number relationships in addition and subtraction, and they use simple concepts of multiplication. They measure quantities with appropriate units. They classify shapes and see relationships among them by paying attention to their geometric attributes. They collect and analyze data and verify the answers.

Third Grade Students deepen their understanding of place value and their understanding of and skill with addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers. Students estimate, measure, and describe objects in space. They use patterns to help solve problems. They represent number relationships and conduct simple probability experiments.

Fourth Grade Students understand large numbers and addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers. They describe and compare simple fractions and decimals. They add and subtract fractions with like denominators and add and subtract decimals. They understand the properties of, and the relationships between plane geometric figures. They collect, represent, and analyze data to answer questions.

Fifth Grade Students increase their facility with the four basic arithmetic operations applied to fractions, decimals and positive and negative numbers. They know and use common measuring units to determine length and area and know and use formulas to determine the volume of simple geometric figures. Students know the concept of angle measurement and use a protractor and compass to solve problems. They use grids, tables, graphs and charts to record and analyze data.

Elementary Science

Elementary School Science
Kindergarten
Kindergarten science in LBUSD is an integrated, hands-on/minds-on, standards
based program. Students will study:
Matter and its properties
Weather
Rocks and minerals
Life cycles
The teacher will use constructivist teaching to convey these exciting areas of science. Approximately 30-40% of science instruction time should be involved in lab activities. These activities will be based on benchmark requirements and will utilize the skills and techniques outlined in the Investigation & Experimentation Strand of the LBUSD Content Standards.
First Grade
First Grade science in LBUSD is an integrated, hands-on/minds-on,
standards based program. Students will study:
Changes in states of matter
Forces
Seasonal changes
The ocean and its effects on humans
The teacher will use constructivist teaching to convey these exciting areas of science. Approximately 30-40% of science instruction time should be involved in lab activities. These activities will be based on benchmark requirements and will utilize the skills and techniques outlined in the Investigation & Experimentation Strand of the LBUSD Content Standards.
Second Grade
Second Grade science in LBUSD is an integrated, hands-on/minds-on,
standards based program. Students will study:
Relationship between matter & gravity.
Identifying sound and light as energy forms
Major landforms
Oceans effects on humans
Relate that fossils are used to learn the past
Organisms are categorized based on physical features
Describe changes in ecosystems
The teacher will use constructivist teaching to convey these exciting areas of science. Approximately 30-40% of science instruction time should be involved in lab activities. These activities will be based on benchmark requirements and will utilize the skills and techniques outlined in the Investigation & Experimentation Strand of the LBUSD Content Standards.
Third Grade
Third grade science in LBUSD is an integrated, hands-on/minds-on,
standards based program. Students will study:
Simple Machines and their effect on forces
The water cycle
Rock classification and how rocks were formed
Effects of plate tectonics
How the Earth, Moon, and Sun interact
The structure of the Solar System
Natural selection and its effects on populations
How the Sun’s energy flows through ecosystems
The teacher will use constructivist teaching to convey these exciting areas of science. Approximately 30-40% of science instruction time should be involved in lab activities. These activities will be based on benchmark requirements and will utilize the skills and techniques outlined in the Investigation & Experimentation Strand of the LBUSD Content Standards.
Fourth Grade
Fourth grade science in LBUSD is an integrated, hands-on/minds-on,
standards based program. Students will study:
Simple atomic and molecular structure
The suns effects on air
How charged particles exert electrical and magnetic forces
The cell as the basic unit of life, describing its parts and functions
The theory of evolutionary change
The roll of diversity and interaction in ecosystems
Classification of rocks and how they are formed
How energy can be transformed from one form to another
The teacher will use constructivist teaching to convey these exciting areas of science. Approximately 30-40% of science instruction time should be involved in lab activities. These activities will be based on benchmark requirements and will utilize the skills and techniques outlined in the Investigation & Experimentation Strand of the LBUSD Content Standards.
Fifth Grade
Fifth Grade science in LBUSD is an integrated, hands-on/minds-on,
standards based program. Students will study:
The atomic structure of elements and compounds
The organization of the Periodic Table
The Sun and that its effect on air results in changing weather patterns
The Earth’s layers
The relationship between plate tectonics and convection currents
Objects and processes outside our Solar System
Inherited and genetic characteristics
Anatomical Systems and how they work together to maintain life

European History

COURSE OUTLINE

FIRST SEMESTER
• Introduction and the Late Middle Ages
• The Renaissance
• The Reformation & the Age of Religious Warfare
• Absolutism: Western and Eastern Europe
• Scientific Revolution, the Enlightenment & 18th
Century Society
• The Age of Revolution

SECOND SEMESTER
• Industrial Revolution, Ideology and Reaction
• Nationalism and Imperialism
World War I and the Age of Anxiety
• Totalitarianism, World War II and the Cold War
• The Post War World and Today

Genetics

I have been teaching genetics for 30+ years at the high school and college level. I tutor and work on curriculum development for my school system and for the DOE. I have also worked on textbook preparation for this subject for several publishing companies.

Geography

Through World Cultural Geography, students will develop multicultural understanding and use geographical concepts and skills to acquire information and systematically apply decision-making processes to real-life situations. They will acquire an understanding of interrelationships between people and their environment.

The content will include, but not be limited to, the following:

Study of world cultural regions in terms of

a. Location
b. Physical characteristics
c. Demographics
d. Historical changes
e. Economic activity
r. Land use

After successfully completing tutoring, the student will be able to:

Use maps, globes, charts, graphs and other tools of geography to gather and interpret data and to draw conclusions about physical and human patterns.

Identify the relationships between physical geography and the economic, political, social, cultural and historical aspects of human activity.

Understand patterns of population growth and settlement in different cultures and environments.

Understand the interaction between culture and technology in the use, alteration and conservation of the physical environment.

Understand the interrelationships and interdependence of world cultures, races and religions.

Apply research, study, critical-thinking and decision-making skills and demonstrate the use of new and emerging technology in problem solving.

Geometry

Course Description: This course assumes that the student has demonstrated a solid foundation in algebra. Topics include the relationships between points, lines, and planes; the axiomatic system; logical thinking and proof-writing; measurement, including area and volume; congruency; similarity; two and three dimensional geometric figures; parallel and perpendicular lines; and the coordinate plane. Instruction in this course is designed for college-bound students.

Government & Politics

Tutoring covers a survey of the content and formulation of American foreign policy
with an emphasis on the period after World War II. It evaluates the sources of American
foreign policy including the international system, societal factors, government processes,
and individual decision makers. The course begins with a consideration of major trends
in U.S. foreign policy after World War II. With a historical base established, the focus
turns to the major institutions and actors in American foreign policy. The course
concludes with an examination of the challenges and opportunities that face current U.S.
decision makers. A significant component of the course is the intensive discussion of
specific foreign policy decisions.

Grammar

Punctuation test
Apostrophes
overview
used incorrectly with plurals
in time expressions
to replace letters
to show the plural of abbreviations
to show possession

Colons
to extend a sentence
in references
for introductions
with bullet points
before quotations

Commas
after setting the scene
after a transitional phrase
after an interjection
before a conjunction
to replace brackets
in lists
with a long subject
with numbers
with speech marks
when addressing someone

Dashes
to extend a sentence
to replace brackets
Hyphens
in compound adjectives
in compound nouns
in prefixes
alternatives to hyphens
Parentheses (Brackets)
overview of round parentheses
overview of square parenthesis
replaced by commas or dashes
Semicolons
before conjunctions
before transitional phrases
in lists
to extend a sentence
Speech Marks
with colons or commas
and three dots (ellipsis)
and punctuation (inside or outside)
for ships, plays and books
doubles (") or singles (')
meaning alleged or so-called


Parts-of-speech test
Adjectives
What are adjectives?
What are compound adjectives?

Adverbs
What are adverbs?
What are adverbial clauses and phrases?

Conjunctions
What are conjunctions?
and commas
and semicolons

Interjections
What are interjections?

Nouns
What are nouns?
different types

Prepositions
What are prepositions?
at the end of a sentence
and what follows (e.g. who versus whom)
and verbs (succinct writing)

Pronouns
What are pronouns?
different types

Verbs
What are verbs?

Confused-words
Easily Confused Words
accept and except
adoptive and adopted
advice and advise
adverse and averse
affect and effect
aid and aide
a lot, allot and alot
allowed and aloud
allude and elude
altar and alter
amoral and immoral
appraise and apprise [more...]

Grammatical-terms

abbreviation
absolute possessive
abstract noun
accusative case
acronym
active sentence
active voice
adjective
adjective clause
adjective phrase
adjunct
adverb
adverbial clause
adverbial phrase
affix
analogy
anastrophe
antecedent
antonym
appositive
archaism
article
aspect
auxiliary verb [more...]

abbreviations
an or a
BBC or B.B.C.
BC and AD
contractions (Mr or Mr.)
e.g. and i.e.
plurals (PCs or PC's)
adjectives
an or a
auntie June or Auntie June
compound adjectives
expressions like 3-and-a-quarter million
extremely-talented or extremely talented actor
hers or her's, ours or our's
its and it's
Red Lion Lawn or Red Lion lawn
well-known actor or well known actor [more...]

Abbreviations
AD, BC, BCE and CE
contractions (Mr or Mr.)
e.g. and i.e.
forming plurals
with or without full stops (periods)

All Of & All Right
'all of' or 'all'
'all right' or 'alright'
test
An or A
'an' or 'a'

Bullet Points
using bullet points
Capital Letters
in advertisements
and the points of the compass
with proper and common nouns
and the four seasons
with moons, stars and planets
to start sentences
and title case

Comparatives and Superlatives
and superlatives of adjectives
and superlatives of adverbs
Either & Neither
double negative with neither/nor
singular or plural verb

Extend a Sentence
extend a sentence
Numbers
as compound adjectives (e.g. one-and-a-half)
written in full (e.g. twenty-four)
at the start of sentences

Parenthesis
choice of parentheses

Singular and Plural
forming plurals
forming plurals (table)
plurals of compound nouns (e.g. mothers-in-law)
fewer and less
agenda, criteria, data, media (plural or singular)
collective nouns (e.g. jury, team) - singular or plural?
Phrases like 'a box of tapes' - singular or plural?)
number and number of - singular or plural?)
subject-verb agreement
There, They're & Their
there, their and they're
Than Me or Than I?
than me or than I?
Too & To
to (infinitive verb; e.g. to run)
to (preposition; e.g. go to the park)
too (meaning as well; e.g. I am too.)
too (meaning in excess; e.g. too dark)

Vocative Case
What is the vocative case?
Which, That & Who
with commas
with no commas
Who & Whom.

GRE

Whether you are planning to go to graduate school or business school — or just exploring your options — you are taking an important step toward your future. It is a smart move to show schools your best and with the GRE® revised General Test, you can! That's the Power of Confidence — only with the GRE revised General Test.

The GRE revised General Test gives you the Power of Confidence to help you do your best. With the GRE revised General Test, you decide which scores to send to schools. If you feel you didn't do your best on test day, that's okay. You can retake the test and then send only the scores you want schools to see. It's all part of the ScoreSelect® option, only available with GRE® tests.

Plus, the GRE revised General Test is the only admissions test for graduate or business school that lets you skip questions within a section, go back and change answers, and have control to tackle the questions within a section you want to answer first.

The GRE revised General Test features question types that closely reflect the kind of thinking you'll do in graduate or business school.

Verbal Reasoning — Measures your ability to analyze and evaluate written material and synthesize information obtained from it, analyze relationships among component parts of sentences and recognize relationships among words and concepts.

Quantitative Reasoning — Measures problem-solving ability, focusing on basic concepts of arithmetic, algebra, geometry and data analysis.

Analytical Writing — Measures critical thinking and analytical writing skills, specifically your ability to articulate and support complex ideas clearly and effectively.

My study plan philosophy is simple: I provide you with 9 tutorials to help you become familiar with the format of the Quantitative Reasoning section of the GRE test. Along the way, I urge you to practice using as many GRE practice questions as you can from your own GRE study guide. I generally divide the GRE tutoring session into two halves: the first 30 minutes is to go over the Review and complete the problems, the second 30 minutes is to go over things in your GRE review manual. Periodically, I suggest that you take several GRE practice tests, which is the absolutely best way to prepare for the GRE exam. Really. It's that simple. Not at all rocket science! GRE review can be completed in 9 sessions assuming we can cover a topic per session. If more time on a topic is needed, I am always flexible and willing to meet the needs of my individual students.

For the Quantitative Reasoning Section, here are the topics covered:


Review #1 (Basics)
Review #2 (Fractions)
Review #3 (Decimals)
Review #4 (Percentages, Ratios, Proportions, Averages)
Review #5 (Exponents, Radicals, Algebra)
Review #6 (Geometry)
Review #7 (Specific Techniques for Attacking Quantitative Problems)
Review #8 (Charts & Tables)
Review #9 (Quantitative Comparison Questions)

Each Review comes with a mini review of the topic and some practice problems. I can provide practice tests on each topic as we go along.

Phonics

I have been a teacher for 50+ years and tutor in an after school elementary literacy program. We often are teaching phonics. As a science teacher, I often teach my students how to phonetically pronounce words. My youngest son is autistic and has language development issues and I have been working with him and his speech therapist for 14 years.

Physical Science

Tutoring will emphasize the basic laws of chemistry and physics. Covering Laboratory and problem solving activities will be available during tutoring. Tutoring the following units:

Scientific Inquiry
Properties and Classification of Matter
Structure and Properties of Atoms
Chemical Bonding and Reactions
Forces and Motion
Nature, Conservation, and Transfer of Energy
Nature and Properties of Mechanical and Electromagnetic

Prealgebra

Upon completion of tutoring the student will be able to:

1. Solve problem involving addition,
subtraction, multiplication and division
of integers, fractions and decimals.
2. State and perform correctly the order of
of operation.
3. Calculate whole number powers.
4. Calculate square roots of rational perfect square numbers.
5. Determine prime factorization of whole numbers.
6. Perform conversion among decimals, fractions and percents.
7. Solve problems involving ratios, proportions, and percents.
8. Perform conversion interchanging English and Metric systems.
9. Demonstrate rounding and estimation techniques.
10. Calculate area, volume and perimeter of basic plane figures and solids.
11. Read and interpret tables and graphs.
12. Apply properties of real numbers
13. Simplify and evaluate algebraic expression using order of operation.
14. Use the properties of integer exponents.
15. Perform operations with powers of 10, scientific and engineering notations, and units and units of measurement.
16. Simplify and evaluate square and cube roots.
17. Add, subtract, and multiply polynomials.
18. Divide a polynomial by a monomial.
19. Solve linear equations and inequalities.
20. Solve problems using direct and inverse variations.
21. Graph using slope and y-intercept.
22. Use the Pythagorean Theorem to calculate the third side of a triangle.
23. Translate a verbal statement into a mathematical equation and solve.

Proofreading

Upon completion of tutoring successful students will demonstrate proficiency in the following areas:

Critical Analysis and Logical Reasoning

1. Evaluate the quality and sufficiency of evidence and other forms of support for an argument.

2. Recognize the explicit and implicit features in communication.

3. Accurately assess similarities and differences in points of view.

4. Apply critical reading and thinking skills to evaluate and revise arguments, opinions, and claim (including students’ own) to avoid deception (self-deception) and conformity.

5. Identify and evaluate: Fact, opinion, reasoned judgment, knowledge,
Inference
Logic of language
Denotative and connotative language, Bias (including ethnocentrism)
Inductive and deductive reasoning
Logical fallacies
Propaganda
Analogy as evidence
Critical Reading and Thinking Across the Curriculum / Lifelong Learning Objectives

1. Read analytically and think critically at a high level and demonstrate the ability to apply critical thinking skills to interpretation and analysis of ideas encountered in academic reading.

2. Locate, analyze, evaluate, and synthesize information and integrate knowledge across discipline boundaries.

3. Synthesize effective comprehension and critical comprehension in literature, persuasive, argumentative, and other expository readings.

4. Organize their own thoughts and communicate clearly and effectively in speaking, listening, and writing.

5. Develop strategies of information competence and analysis (in reading, writing, speaking, and listening) using current technology.

6. Work effectively in collaborative and group settings.

7. Develop lifelong learning and leadership skills for workplace and professional success.

8. Incorporate metacognitive strategies in critical reading and thinking.

9. Identify and analyze:
Figurative language
Intent, attitude, tone
Ambiguity
Value conflicts, judgments, and assumptions
Contrasting Perspectives (appreciation and respect for variations in sociocultural distinctions)
Reflective Judgment and Problem Solving

1. Identify and evaluate the validity and soundness of arguments.

2. Identify the relevant evidence and experiential background needed to make a decision, solve a problem or create new knowledge.

3. Clarify the facts, concepts, evidence, and relationships that contribute to addressing questions and solving problems.

4. Evaluate the quality and completeness of evidence and other forms of support.

5. Synthesize and revise arguments and findings based on critical reflection.

6. Monitor their own comprehension and apply various strategies to clarify their own thoughts and actions.

7. Develop a habit of intellectual inquiry and reflective judgment and an awareness of their own thinking, perspective, and biases.

8. Employ metacognitive strategies while working within problem solving framework.

9. Recognize and assess the evolution of their own critical thinking, critical reading, and problem solving skills from the
beginning to the end of the semester.

10. Recognize and evaluate:
Deceptive Statistics
Slanted Language
Dichotomous Thinking

11. Engage in:
Advocacy of ideas
Critical revision of arguments
Formulation of multiple conclusions

Psychology

Tutoring focuses on the scientific study of human and animal behavior, including mental processes. Among the subjects studied are the effect of the body on behavior, how people think and learn, what motivates individuals, how children grow and develop, and what makes people behave abnormally. Upon completion of tutoring a successful students will be able to:

1. Define psychology as a science in terms of its history, theories, methods, applied areas, and ethical issues.

2. Describe the structure and function of the nervous system as the biological basis of behavior and cognition.

3. Demonstrate an understanding of the major perspectives of psychology (e.g., behavioral, biological, cognitive, evolutionary, humanistic, psychodynamic, and sociocultural).

4. Apply the major theoretical perspectives to an understanding of personality, lifespan development, abnormal behavior, and psychotherapy.

5. Describe a variety of careers in psychology and how psychology is applied to many areas of life and work today.

Topics Covered

1. Introduction to Psychology
2. Psychology: A Science
3. Biological Foundations of Behavior
4. The Nervous System
5. Heredity vs. Environment
6. The Developing Person
7. Sensation and Perception
8. States of Consciousness.
9. Cognitive Processes
10. Learning
11. Memory
12. Cognition & Intelligence
13. Motivation, Emotion, Stress
14. Motivation
15. Emotion and Stress
16. Personality and Abnormality
17. Personality
18. Abnormal Psychology
19. Therapy
20. Social Psychology
21. Social Interaction

Reading

Reading is important for a variety of reasons. One of the fundamental reasons is that reading develops the mind. Reading is also a method of discovering new things and adding value to our knowledge base. It is also a vital skill that can help us to find a good job because some well paying jobs require reading as part of job performance.

Social Studies

I hold a Virginia Teaching Endorsement in Social Studies. While I do not actively teach this subject, I work closely with and often cover classes for our social studies teacher at school. I generally sit in his class one class period a day to assist special needs students, so I hear the lectures and materials and am familiar with the SOL test requirements.

Sociology

I have completed several studies about humanity on various levels, putting a strong emphasis on political systems and how human beings respond to change. During the course of teaching in an Alternative Education Environment I have written several published papers exploring race, ethnicity and sex and what role these play in political and educational systems. I use quantitative, qualitative and comparative research to gather and analyze data.

SOL

I have 30+ years of teaching experience in the state of Virginia. I have taught multiple subjects that are SOL based since there development. I worked on the committee to develop the SOL's and still write SOL questions in several topics (Earth Science, Biology, Chemistry, Algebra I and Geometry).

Spelling

There are a number of reasons why good spelling matters. Unfortunately, many people pay little attention to correct spelling; perhaps because of the influence of text speak, which has become far too common outside its proper environment. But the use of good spelling isn't simply a question of stubbornly sticking to old rules.

Study Skills

I have 30+ years of teaching experience. I work with all of my students on study skills. It is part of my job as a teacher to teach them how to read a chapter, outline it, organize notes and worksheets, etc. From these materials I work with them on developing a study guide and anticipating the test questions from each section in the book. I use the Cornell Method of Note taking and use it with my students. One of the reasons our students have difficulty studying is because they are not organized and cannot anticipate test questions.

Vocabulary

You will participate in activities designed to enable you:

• to comprehend and use the 570 words on the Academic Word List
• to become aware of techniques for remembering new vocabulary
• to develop personal strategies for learning and reviewing new vocabulary
• to use an English-English dictionary to aid in word pronunciation, to determine the part of speech of a word, to choose from multiple meanings in the dictionary according to context, and to recognize and analyze related word forms, roots, and affixes.
• to utilize learned vocabulary in a variety of academic speaking, listening, writing,
and reading activities
• to recognize and use the different forms of a word (noun, verb, adjective, adverb)
• to learn the meanings of word parts (roots, prefixes, and suffixes) and apply them to interpret unknown words in a text.
• to learn and use common phrases (collocations) associated with the Academic
Word List
• to read and understand a variety of academic texts which contain words from the
Academic Word List
• to use context clues to deduce the meaning of new vocabulary items without the
aid of a dictionary in order to facilitate comprehension
• to become knowledgeable of the computer resources available for vocabulary
building (the Houghton Mifflin website and other academic vocabulary Internet
sites)

*Academic Word Lists are generally provided by the teacher and are grade specific. Tutoring will focus on your students Academic Word List.

World History

TUTORING DESCRIPTION: A comprehensive study of critical events and issues that directly relate to the history of the world from the early beginnings of man, to present day events.

PURPOSE: Provide students with an accurate historical account and background of domestic/international concerns. To bring greater awareness to a changing political, economic and cultural forces at work within the world. Students will take a closer look at America’s role in the international community with the focus on world history.

Topics
An Introduction to Global History
Studying Cultures and Civilizations
The Prehistoric Period
The First Civilizations
Asian Civilzations
The Glory of Greek Civilization
The World of RomeQuarter Two
The Middle Ages
Islam and the Muslim Empire
The Civilizations of Africa
Early Civilizations in the Americas
India and East Asia
Europe: Renaissance, Exploration&Reformation
The Industrial Revolution
Nationalism and Imperialism
WWI
WWII
The Cold War and Other Conflicts
The Changing World

Zoology

I have a degree in Biology from Virginia Commonwealth University where I took classes in both Vertebrate Zoology and Invertebrate Zoology. I have been teaching Zoology for 25 years with a high rate of success and feel that I can more than adequately tutor in this subject area.

Judith’s Resources

Tutors have the ability to create educational resources and share them with the WyzAnt community. Here are some of the resources created by Judith. View all of Judith’s resources

1.  Praise students in ways big and small   Recognize work in class, display good work in the classroom and send positive notes home to parents, hold weekly awards in your classroom, organize academic pep rallies to honor the honor roll, and even sponsor a Teacher Shoutout section in the student newspaper to acknowledge student’s hard work.   2.  Expect Excellence   Set... read more

Virginia Commonwealth University
Biology, Chemistry
College of William and Mary
Master's

Education

Virginia Commonwealth University (Biology, Chemistry)

College of William and Mary (Master's)

I highly recommend this teacher. — My daughter has been taught two courses by Judith, Biology and Chemistry. Judith is a very impressive teacher who combines kindness and patience with a thorough knowledge of both subjects. She provided comprehensive materials to teach the courses. My daughter came away with a good understanding of the two subjects and acquired two very good grades. Judith is always easy to reach and is prompt to ...

— Sarah, Williamsburg, VA on 8/10/13

Hourly fee

Standard Hourly Fee: $50.00

Cancellation: 24 hours notice required

Travel policy

Judith will travel within 30 miles of Williamsburg, VA 23185.


About Judith

Why You Should Choose Me As Your Science Tutor.

My undergraduate studies were at Virginia Commonwealth University in 1987 with degrees in Biology, Chemistry and Math. I graduated from William and Mary with a MaED in Education in 1990 with endorsements in Biology, Chemistry, Earth Science, General Science II, and math up to and including Calculus. I then took classes at the University of Virginia at the Post Graduate level. In addition to my certifications I have 28 years of successful teaching to the Virginia SOL's.

I have received formal training as a teacher; and have an advanced degree in my subject field. I will come to your home or office, and I also offer live web classes at excellent rates. I am patient, well-organized, exigent and inventive. I am sensitive to the different learning styles of my students I provide students with my own carefully prepared study materials (for free) in addition to the texts we use.

Availability: I am available in Hampton Roads for in person classes Mondays thru Friday as well as on Saturday and Sunday. I am willing to do before school or after school tutoring.

Who studies with me: My student base includes high school and college students trying to raise their grades and/or prepare for standardized tests. All of my young students came to me struggling and are now getting A's. My youngest science genius is 10.

How web classes work: Web classes require a computer, a web cam and a fast (not dial up) connection. You will be amazed at how fun a web class can be! We speak via Skype (free download), and use the chat field as a blackboard. Homework assignments and links are passed back and forth with ease. You don't have to spend one second traveling to class, scheduling is easier, and it's priced right!


I invite you to email me with your questions and to talk about what you need.

Testimonials

"I highly recommend this teacher."

- Sarah, Williamsburg, VA on 8/10/13

"Amazing Tutor"

- Kayla, Newport News, VA on 8/9/13
}

Education

Virginia Commonwealth University
Biology, Chemistry
College of William and Mary
Master's

Education

Virginia Commonwealth University (Biology, Chemistry)

College of William and Mary (Master's)


Tutor Policies

Cancellation
24 hours notice required
Travel Radius
Travels within 30 miles of Williamsburg, VA 23185

Judith’s Subjects

Special Needs:
ADD/ADHD,
Phonics
Business:
GRE
Test Preparation:
ACT Math,
ACT Science,
ASVAB,
GRE,
PSAT, SOL
Corporate Training:
Grammar,
Proofreading

Approved subjects are in bold.

Approved subjects

In most cases, tutors gain approval in a subject by passing a proficiency exam. For some subject areas, like music and art, tutors submit written requests to demonstrate their proficiency to potential students. If a tutor is interested but not yet approved in a subject, the subject will appear in non-bold font. Tutors need to be approved in a subject prior to beginning lessons.


Judith’s Resources

Tutors have the ability to create educational resources and share them with the WyzAnt community. Here are some of the resources created by Judith. View all of Judith’s resources

1.  Praise students in ways big and small   Recognize work in class, display good work in the classroom and send positive notes home to parents, hold weekly awards in your classroom, organize academic pep rallies to honor the honor roll, and even sponsor a Teacher Shoutout section in the student newspaper to acknowledge student’s hard work.   2.  Expect Excellence   Set... read more


Background Check Status for Judith W.

Judith W. passed a background check on 12/18/13. The check was ordered by another user through First Advantage. For more information, please review the background check information page.

After sending a message to Judith, you will be able to order a new background check for $7.99. As part of your tutor selection process, we encourage you to run updated background checks. Please also review the safety tips for hiring tutors.