American history lessons emphasize themes of freedom, unity, progress, and responsibility and aim not simply to present historical facts but to provide opportunities for students to explore and understand the factual and philosophical significance and meaning behind events, causes, and effects—the whys—relating to and influencing the early history of the United States. Lessons also include the colonists' experiences under monarchy; background for the writing of the Declaration of Independence, the Gettysburg Address; other important texts and American symbols as well as the ideals for which many fought and sacrificed their lives; the creation of important American symbols, songs, and holidays; and the character traits modeled by great national leaders and presidents.
The objective of this English course is to provide a solid base for writing, reading, comprehension, and speaking competence. Students will use brainstorming and clustering to build ideas, plan, compose, revise, and edit their writing for a variety of purposes and for correct use of grammar, rules for sentence parts, language, capitalization, punctuation, varied sentence structure, and spelling. They will generate, gather, and arrange ideas for writing, use specific vocabulary and information, organize writing to address a specific audience, and communicate clearly the purpose of the writing. They will be able to produce essays using main and subordinate clauses with stated main ideas and supporting details.
By reading appropriate passages, students will be able to summarize and paraphrase content and examine famous speeches to develop and demonstrate their own goals for public speaking.
The purpose of this course is to have students accept that grammar is a system of rules for speaking and writing English correctly. Exercises and activities are planned to develop, define and understand parts of speech, form sentences, spell, punctuate, capitalize, learn new and use correct vocabulary. Once completed, results of practice will demonstrate student growth in knowing how grammar principles can affect levels of communication.
In this course, students will acquire knowledge and skills in order to learn, identify and correct various document errors and produce error-free copy. Students will study proofreader’s symbols and examine copy to complete sentences by avoiding fragments, comma splices, and run-ons; use correct capitalization, subject verb agreement and tense consistency, apply effective use of active and passive voice; and employ proper MLA documentation, citations and works cited.
The purpose of this course is to help students practice and prepare for the basic math - numbers, algebra, geometry, data - writing, and critical reading skills sections of the actual Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) and to become familiar with the kinds of questions and the exact directions on the SAT. One section measures writing skills by exposure and practice to identify sentence errors and improve sentences and paragraphs as well as sentence completions and critical reading questions. Multiple-choice questions measure ability to express ideas effectively in standard-written English, recognize faults in usage and structure, and use language with awareness of meaning. Students will receive feedback on strengths, weaknesses, and skills necessary for college study and then focus development on those areas that could benefit from additional study and practice.
The goals and objectives of this course are to, first of all, have the student develop an appreciation and enjoyment of reading. With this in mind, it is important to understand that we read for many purposes: enjoyment, information, and directions. The course will utilize a variety of texts such as: realistic fiction, fantasy, fables, folk tales, fairy tales, poetry, and plays, for example. We will activate prior knowledge to devise plans for improvement. So, activities are reading silently, listening to read alouds, retelling the main idea of a story to identify characters, understanding and following directions, listening critically and responsively, asking and answering questions, sounding out words, and participating in discussion.
These methods and objectives will advance an awareness of synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, multiple meanings of words, predictions of patterns and events in reading, demonstrate awareness of sounds within words, such as syllables and word chunks, activate reading left to right, page by page, top to bottom, and front to back, recognize book parts: title, title page, author/illustrator, dedication, table of contents. Overall, decoding and fluency skills are the primary aims of reading growth.
The purpose of this course is to help students practice and prepare for the critical reading skills section of the actual Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) and to become familiar with the kinds of questions and the exact directions on the SAT. This section measures critical reading skills by exposure to sentence completions and critical reading questions. Students will receive feedback on strengths, weaknesses, and skills necessary for college study and then focus development on those areas that could benefit from additional study and practice.
The purpose of this course is to help students practice and prepare for the writing skills section of the actual Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) and to become familiar with the kinds of questions and the exact directions on the SAT. This section measures writing skills by exposure and practice to identify sentence errors and improve sentences and paragraphs. Multiple-choice questions measure ability to express ideas effectively in standard-written English, to recognize faults in usage and structure, and to use language with awareness of meaning. Students will receive feedback on strengths, weaknesses, and skills necessary for college study and then focus development on those areas that could benefit from additional study and practice.
Because reading and spelling are strongly related processes, students base their spelling on converting the sounds in the spoken word back into print. By learning common spelling patterns and general guidelines the student is better able to understand the structure of spelling. Spelling lessons are approached as converting sound into print and developing knowledge of common spelling patterns and guidelines that can help in learning correct spelling. Students first build a strong foundation and then advance to higher level skills. Spelling instruction is focused on the objective of helping the student acquire the ability to accurately represent written language.
Students are taught to organize their agendas and planning books to be prepared for lessons and to arrange appropriate time for study. In addition, there is review of assignments for understanding of work required for completion and due dates. Part of this discipline is also arranging time for review of lessons for final revision.
Not only will students use a dictionary to look up unknown and unfamiliar words, but will also engage in other exercises and activities to increase vocabulary growth. Some of these activities are reading to discover meaning from context, word play, puzzles and games, practice with new words through writing, creating index cards for future use, learning from vocabulary lists and tests, and making associations with other words to reinforce memory and retention.
Students will study major events of the past 1000 years with an overview of significant decades. The purpose of this course is examination and analysis of certain themes: The Crusades, early civilizations, empires, discovery and expansion, exploration, inventions, revolutions, war, and Y2K, for example.
Students learn the basics of the writing process including constructing thesis statements and writing essays. They also study grammar rules and vocabulary and continue to work through each step of the writing process from pre-writing to final drafts.