Carl’s current tutoring subjects are listed at the left. You
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Carl’s qualifications in specific subjects below.
History in general and American history specifically has been variously described by such illustrious scholars as George Santyana, as "…a pack of lies, written by people who weren't there, about events that didn't happen." For reasons that escape me, History is taught as a set of microscopic sub-sets of data, each completely unconnected to anything else. In reality, history is the broad sweep of human activities, motivations and conditions, including economic, religious, political and intellectual. The Greek geographer, Strabo, wrote about the requirements for a geographer, as the ear of a poet, the focus of the scientist and mathematician and the skills of an astronomer. The student of History will find more excitement than is found in a James Bond flick if properly pursued.
European History in general has been variously described by scholars as George Santyana, a Spaniard, as "…a pack of lies, written by people who weren't there, about events that didn't happen." The list of ascerbic quotations deriding the teaching of History is virtually endless. "The Economist" however, captured the goodness of historical understanding perfectly several years ago. They wrote, paraphrasing Santayana "…those who misinterpret the past are doomed to bungle the present." In reality, history is the broad sweep of human activities, motivations and conditions, including economic, religious, political and intellectual. The Greek geographer, Strabo, wrote about the requirements for a geographer, as the ear of a poet, knowledge of the historian,the focus of the scientist and mathematician and the skills of an astronomer. The student of History will find more excitement in the realities of history, than is found in a James Bond flick if properly pursued. Reality is much stranger than fiction.
The GED is a test of logic and close reading as much as anything else. The questions themselves will yield to basic analysis. Comfort with your own rationality is the most important factor in successfully preparing for this test.
Geography in its simplest form is the study of the Earth, its resources, its dimensions, and its inhabitants. But that is what makes it interesting; how to make whole intellectual cloth out of these seemingly unconnected topics. One cannot study an ocean, without understanding its inhabitants. The concept of continental drift/plate techtonics and subduction are ideas barely a half century old for us, but topics that were discussed in antiquity. Ptolemy of Alexandria writing in the 2nd century CE noted that "…care must be taken in the latest researches because the Earth undergoes change over time."
Government & Politics
The study of government and politics is the study, of what Adam Smith described in 1750 as the invisible hand of economics, made palpable. The flux and flow of political ideas is a reflection of those invisible forces, or as an English esssayist wrote describing the Malthusian calculus of population growth, the "dismal Science." The study of political systems raises the undertaking to something invisible and/or dismal"
Grammar, in engineering terms, is the exploded view of our language, where one can visualize the ways grammatical components fit together. It also defines the components' functions within the sentence. Unfortunately, it is, in general, no longer taught in secondary schools. Those who want/need to write and speak professionally need to understand how our English language works.
The notion of "World History" is a bit of an oxymoron. Family history, tribal history, city/ state history, national history, all are worthy subjects for study. The first time anyone saw the "World" as a whole was late in the last century when American Astronauts caught a glimpse of our home planet from above, returning from the Moon. Therefore, it should be treated as a new, and potentially interesting subject of study.
Writing is the art of initially gathering ideas, then winnowing them to eliminate the chaff from the grain, and only then planning what is to be written.
In order to successfully execute one's plan, the following issues must be firmly understood: grammar, the underlying structure of the language; punctuation, and its impact on how ideas flow; and lastly, vocabulary appropriate to the task.