Understand how to answer the questions and make sense of English grammar. English is a difficult language, but its rules can be understood by a linguistic approach.
You don't need to be bored! American History can come alive and be learned meaningfully! Study yesterday and understand where we are today!
English is the most exciting language in the world! It has been created from other language roots; its sounds and grammar have been worked on and changed over time. Much of English is very regular in its rules; however, in the variety of English we use today as the standard language, it has inherited many irregularities. To know English is to understand both its regularities irregularities.
I have earned a M.A. in Applied Linguistics. From 1982, I have instructed ESL. My first job was teaching Survival ESL at Allentown Literacy Council in Allentown, PA. After moving to Illinois, I instructed Survival ESL at SER Jobs for Programs, Waukegan and at the College of Lake County, Grayslake.
I instructed college-level ESL at DeVry University and Loyola University, Chicago.
I instructed Business ESL (particularly accent reduction) at Bennett and Associates, Northbrook.
Lastly, I served as Coordinator of ESL Program at the SouthEast Asia Center, Chicago. My job involved training and preparing tutors, pairing tutors and students, tracking their progress and hours, and reporting the results to the Commonwealth of Illinois for a grant.
The study of the unfolding of European civilization is critical to understanding the unfolding of history throughout the world. History moved westward, from the Tigris-Euphrates river systems, through the Nile delta, through the Empires of Greece and Rome, through western Eruope, and, finally, to the Americas and the United States. The shadow of Western history is now moving westward even further, to China and South Asia, and is merging with the ancient histories of those areas of the world.
Grammar can be exciting! Grammar ultimately means the way that we use language. Perhaps you wonder if you speak and write correctly. The answer is that we ALL speak correctly in our dialect. We learn to use the special grammar of Standard English in school. Dialect and Standard are different, but its fun to learn and understand them both. Study with me to master the system of Standard grammar for school and business!
Hello! I have spent thirty years teaching English and am a published writer. I love to share great literature (novels, poetry, shortstories) with other people, particularly my students. I believe in reading, from infancy through elementary school, high school, university, and throughout adulthood. I have enjoyed instructing in the Great Books Discussions Groups in my childrens' elementary schools, participating in book clubs of all kinds, and presenting my book at the local public libraries. Looking for the meaning of a classic piece of literature and analyzing how it is structured and developed is my passion. I enjoy nothing more than seeing my students enjoy this as much as I do.
Music is composed with rules that are interpreted by the performer. It is an amazing system of notating sound, rythem, and meter. Once you begin to understand how music is written, you will want to learn more about its structure!
I hold a M.A. in Applied Linguistics with extensive training in the phonology and phonetics of the English language. I have studied the evolution of the sounds of English from AngloSaxon Old English, through the Danish invasion of England, through the Norman invasion of 1066 (and the mixture of Old French with Old English), the Middle English of Chaucer and Caxton with the Great vowel Shift, the modern English of William Shakespeare, and the myriad Englishes stemming from the Colonial Era. I have written a book and I have worked for thirty years with the IPA and have instructed Montessori kindergarten students in the recognition of the "long" and "short" vowel sounds, consonant blends, digraphs, and diaphones. (I hold a Montessori Teaching Diploma from the St. Nicholas Training Centre in London, England).
When we read, we must master two processes. First, we must learn to decode the sounds of the letters that make words. Sometimes, in English, the sounds in the words and their spellings don't seem to match! Secondly, we must make sense of the phrases, clauses, and paragraphs we see in front of us; we must understand what the text means. These processes are mastered by reading practice over a period of time. The effort is worth it!
I studied Russian for three years in college. I translated a paper (English to Russian) on the disposal of nuclear waste for Pennsylvania Power and Light as they were working in a cooperative effort with a Soviet nuclear power plant. I visited the Soviet Union in 1988 and practiced my Russian extensively. I have created a Russian text for beginning students learning to read and speak Russian.
Maxamize your chances of scoring high on the SAT reading section by structured practice.
Good writiing is a learned skill. Practice fast, effective, and structured writing techniques to score high on the SAT writing section.
I grew up in Latin America, specifically Mexico, Guatemala, Cuba, Venezuela, and Argentina. Learning good Spanish is fun and very practical. Spanish is becomming a second language in the United States.
The TOEFL test assesses you competency in using the English language. In order to do well, you must approach the English language through the knowledge of the sounds of the language, the words and morphemes of the language, the construction of phrases and clauses, and the building of meaning in speech and writing. You must be aware of specific English rules (e.g., punctuation, capitalization, spelling, etc). A background in the linguistic features of the English language is absolutely necessary to understand and use the language well.
English is a multi-layered language. Its structural backbone comes from the words of Old German, or Anglo-Saxon "Englisc". On top of this structure, many words, prefixes, and affixes, were added from Greek and Latin origins. Finally, 10,000 words were given to English from Old French during the Norman Invasion of England in 1066. Learning vocabulary involves a study of all of these components that constitute our modern English used today.
We cannot understand our world and its people without studying its history. History is the written record of all civilizations. It is fascinating to learn the patterns of the unfolding of human civilizations!
Writing is a skill learned through reading, practice, and thought. To write well, one must learn the organization of written material, the importance of writing to make a point, the methodologies of providing support to a topic, and the constraints of Standard English (e.g., the construction of phrases and clauses, spelling, punctuation, capitalization, etc.). There are techniques to push students to the end goal of being able to write effectively.