Kathryn’s current tutoring subjects are listed at the left. You
can read more about
Kathryn’s qualifications in specific subjects below.
The English test is a 75-question, 45-minute test covering the following: mechanics skills including punctuation, grammar and usage, sentence structure, and rhetorical skills such as strategy, organization, and style.
The test consists of five prose passages, each one accompanied by multiple-choice test questions.
I took this exam in 2006 when I was a junior in high school and scored in the 92nd percentile.
The ACT Math portion is a 60-question, 60-minute test designed to measure the mathematical skills students have typically acquired in courses taken by the end of the 11th grade.
This test is very similar to that of the SAT, so you can use the same strategies on each. One of the strategies is not to solve every problem if one is difficult; rather, you can plug in the multiple choice answers to see which one works.
I took this exam in 2006 as a junior in high school and scored in the 90th percentile.
The Science Test is a 40-question, 35-minute test that measures the skills required in the natural sciences: interpretation, analysis, evaluation, reasoning, and problem solving.
There are three different question formats: data representation (graphs, tables, etc.), research summaries, or conflicting viewpoints (expressions of several related hypotheses or views that are inconsistent with one another).
As a biology major, this is my favorite section, and when I took this exam as a junior in high school in 2006, I scored in the 98th percentile.
Did you know that the state is now allowing students who failed the end of course exam but passed the course to retake the exam between July 23rd and August 10th?
The goal of algebra 1 is to have students learn to reason symbolically, and the complexity and types of equations and problems to solve increases over time.
Key content includes understanding, writing, solving, and graphing linear and quadratic equations. Students will also be able to compute monomial and polynomial expressions.
In high school, I took an AP U.S. History course and received a score of "5." It has always been one of my favorite subjects, especially when you think about how all these events truly did not happen that long ago!
An American history course invites you to explore the history of this remarkable nation. We'll discuss its early Native American roots and colonist settlements; the forging of a new national identity, free of the chains of imperialism; the establishment of the country of the United States as a world power; the national scandals, individual rights issues and other growing pains that consumed and continually persist on America's political and social stage; and the spectacular events and some memorable individuals that have helped shape America today.
As a biology major, I have encountered this class many times- in high school biology, a high school anatomy course, college biology, and a two-semester anatomy and physiology course.
The overall purpose of the course is to study the anatomical structure of the human body. The body structure will be studied by organ systems and involve a balance between gross anatomical study and histology.
The learning objectives include:
- Describe the structure, composition, and functions of the organ systems of the body.
- Describe how organ systems function and interrelate.
- Learn basic technical terminology and language associated with anatomy.
I have a B.S. in biology and have passed the state of Florida subject area exam and am certified to teach biology and life sciences to grades 6-12.
Biology explores fundamental characteristics of living matter from the molecular level to the ecological community with emphasis on general biological principles. Introduces the diversity of living organisms, their function and evolution.
One of my favorite courses I have taken was entitled "Mushroom, Mosses, and More."
A general botany class is a comparative study of plant life, from algae through the flowering plants and fungi. Morphology, ecology and evolution are stressed, and students are usually required to identify and create a collection of local flora (which is REALLY fun!).
Chemistry was by far the most difficult class I have ever taken. I took the course TWICE in high school- once as a general student and the second time as an AP student. I then took general and organic chemistry in college. It took me a LONG time to learn basic chemistry, but now I have it perfected and am confident that through my struggle with the topic, I will be able to get you through the class because I feel your pain!
The main topics include: formula naming, atomic structure, stochiometry, gas laws, solutions, equilibria, redox, acid-base theory and nuclear chemistry.
Ecology is my favorite topic in biology and I am hoping to begin my courses for my PhD in this field within the next year. Last summer I studied frogs within the rainforest ecosystem in Peru!
Ecology is the study of the relationships of living things to each other and their environments.
The math curriculum varies greatly by grade. If you are not understanding a topic, we will work together, going back to a lower grade's curriculum, start from there, and work towards competency at the level you should be at.
Science in the lower grades serves as an introduction to inquiry, experiments, and basic scientific knowledge. Usually during these years you will have the opportunity to participate in a science fair as well!
The GED tests are designed to provide an opportunity for adults who have not graduated from high school to earn a diploma by measuring the major academic skills and knowledge associated with a high school program of study that graduating seniors should know and be able to do. The subject areas are: language arts reading and writing, math, social studies, and science.
As a biology major, genetics has been an integral part of my course curriculum. In every biology class, there has been a unit on genetics; I also took a semester-long genetics class as well.
Some of the topics covered include: Mendelian genetics, mitosis and meiosis, linkage and recombination, gene expression, and population genetics.
I love to travel and I love geography! Let's explore the world together- from locations to cultures.
Geometry was not an easy subject for me in high school, but when I had my "aha!" moment in the course, I was unstoppable and began to enjoy the material. Remember that many questions on the SAT use geometry!
Some of the topics included are: proofs, congruence and similarity, parallel lines, triangles, area and perimeter, Pythagorean theorem, coordinate geometry, and trigonometric functions.
Government & Politics
After taking civics in 10th grade, I took AP U.S. Government in 12th grade and received a score of 4. I also took an introductory U.S. government course in college.
Topics include: the Constitution, Federalism, Congress, the Federal government, the Presidency, public opinion, elections, parties, the news media, and civil rights.
Many people don't see a need to learn grammar anymore because of spellchecker and grammar checker found in programs like Microsoft Word. However, for the SAT and in life in general, you will have to hand-write essays and other documents!
The course is designed to convey general concepts, methods, and applications of microbiology for health sciences. The role of microorganisms in the environment and in human disease is discussed. Topics include: immunology, bacteriology, virology, and mycology; the morphology, biochemistry, and physiology of microorganisms including bacteria, viruses, and fungi; the diseases caused by these microorganisms and their treatments, and the immunologic, pathologic, and epidemiological factors associated with diseases.
High school physical science is a discipline that encompasses principles of basic chemistry, physics and mathematics. This subject provides students with the basic foundation to continue further study in earth and space science, biology, chemistry and physics.
Physical science affords students the opportunity not only to learn scientific principles and concepts, but also to apply the content knowledge through a variety of experiments using chemicals and instrumentation not commonly used in other disciplines.
Physiology is usually studied with anatomy, and deals with the function (anatomy is the structure) of the human body and it's parts.
This course reinforces mathematical skills taught in the grade six class with additional advanced computation including an emphasis on Algebraic concepts. Students study fractions, decimals, percents, positive and negative integers and rational numbers. They become more proficient in using ratios, proportions and solving algebraic equations. Students will develop and expand problem solving skills (creatively and analytically) in order to solve word problems. Students continue to practice using math skills to solve word problems and to think creatively and analytically. Students will use manipulatives and calculators. Successful completion of this course prepares students for success in Algebra 1.
By middle school, students have learned that they can't call their work "finished," whether it's a paragraph, an essay, or a short story, until its gone through some kind of proofreading. Telling kids to look over their writing for mistakes doesn't carry the same weight as working with them in a systemic process to check for errors.
Emphasis is on basic word attack skills, vocabulary, transitional words, paragraph organization, basic comprehension skills, and learning strategies.
The SAT Math sections consist of a total of 54 questions: 44 multiple-choice questions and 10 student-produced response questions. The five-choice multiple-choice questions require students to solve a problem and select the best answer from the available choices. The student-produced response questions require students to solve a problem and grid the correct answer; the questions do not provide answer choices.
The SAT Math questions draw from four areas of math: number and operations; algebra and functions; geometry and measurement; and data analysis, statistics, and probability. Below you can find more detailed information about the specific skills these questions test.
I have taught a study skills class at the high school level, covering topics such as note-taking, study and test-taking strategies, and goal setting.
Words and their definitions are what people commonly know as "vocabulary." However, there are also many strategies that can be taught in regards to how to learn these new words.
From expository prose to creative writing, there are a multitude of different writing challenges that students can face in the classroom. I can tailor my lessons to any of your needs in this area!