I have a BA degree in elementary education, learning disabilities and emotional/social maladjustment. Besides that, my son is ADD. I have tutored an ADD child as well as taught in a resource classroom where my students spent 50 minutes with me each day; and a classroom where I had 10 ADD/Learning Disabled children in a self-contained class. I have served as a counselor going from school-to-school advising classroom teachers.
Attention Deficit Disorder and Attention Deficit, Hyperactivity Disorder are related. People with ADD have trouble with impulse control, focusing on anything that isn't vitally interesting to them, over focusing, are distracted, have no filter for external stimuli, and have trouble with transitions. People with ADD don't outgrow ADD. it's simply how their brain functions. Instead they learn to build bridges that allow them to function. Generally speaking, every single person is effected by some of the same things as effects an ADD person. the degree to which a person is effected is what defines a person with ADD. ADHD shows symptoms of ADD that are usually directly related to their hyperactivity. When the hyperactivity is either ameliorated or outgrown, the ADD often is less of a factor. Because their motor is running overtime, they're usually more tired, more stressed then their non-hyperactive counterparts.
I have a BA in elementary education & learning disabilities. I have taught in both a resource classroom where my students had a variety of issues all labeled learning disabilities, and spent 50 minutes with me daily; as well as a self-contained classroom where the students also had a variety of issues all labeled Learning Disabilities. My husband is dyslexic and I've been his "editor" for many years.
Dyslexia is a developmental brain disorder based around inefficient or ineffective information processing. A dyslexic may have trouble reading, may reverse letters or simply not see a word for what it is. They will have trouble learning a second language because they often can't duplicate what they hear, or easily read what's written. When writing, they will often write properly spelled, but incorrect words for the context. Spelling can be an issue, so incorrect spellings of one word can take on a variety of forms.
I have a BA in elementary education from Northeastern Illinois University in Chicago.
Even for native speakers, proper English isn't an easy language to learn to speak, read & write. Every rule has an exception! It can be a very beautiful language, and has proven itself to be an exciting and flexible language, as new words are added to our vocabulary all the time.
Only the rare adult hearing a second language can actually fully acquire the language the way a child does, but most of us can learn to be very functional in our adopted second language.
I have tutored business people in social English and have tutored people who wanted help to be able to communicate in the language of their adopted country.
English grammar isn't easy! Virtually every rule you learn comes with an exception to that rule. Proper use of grammar makes English a beautiful, flexible language.
Reading is the next best thing to being there. Every book teaches you something, transports you somewhere, and introduces you to wonderful people and places and ideas.
I have a BA in elementary education. My education included Methods of Teaching Reading, where both phonics & sight reading approaches were taught. I have been a literacy tutor where I've helped adults learn English as a second language, and used both phonics and sight reading methods in my lessons.
Phonics is method of teaching reading by learning the sounds of letters, how to combine the letters to make words, how to sound out words.
Reading is one of my most favorite things to do, and helping people improve their reading skills is incredibly fulfilling. Reading allows us to do very basic things like reading signs when we're driving, shopping, reading menus at restaurants, apply for a job, and qualify for a higher paying job. Reading teaches us, expands our view of the world, and can take us to wonderful places, real & imaginary.
Special Needs is a general description for any child or person who has learning needs considered outside of the accepted norm. This then applies to all Learning Disabilities, speech or hearing problems, developmental delay, Aspergers, autism and even the gifted. I earned a BA from Northeastern Illinois University in elementary education, learning disabilities and social & emotional maladjustment. I did 3 semesters of student teaching, taught special Ed in the Chicago Public Schools for a couple years, did one year of consulting in the special ed area, and have focused my energy on individualized instruction ever since. Recently, I spent a school term tutoring a child with Asperrgers in reading comprehension.
Spelling is one of those subjects that you're either good at or you're not. That said, not being a good speller doesn't preclude learning to be a better speller. Spell Check makes it easier, but spell check doesn't always pick the correct word. Learning to be a better speller enables us to write better resumes, reports, emails and even catch Spell Check's mistakes.
I have a BA in elementary education and Learning Disabilities and Emotional/Social Maladjustment. During one of my 3 student teaching semesters, I taught a semester long program on how to study effectively.
The ability to study is crucial to learning. A student needs first to learn how they learn. Is it more efficient for them to listen, to read, to do repetitive exercises, to take notes? once a student has learned how they learn best, study skills can be designed to meet the individual's needs.
Learning new words is a little like mining for gold. There's an excitement in discovering a new word and then waiting for the perfect opportunity to drop it into a conversation. The more words you know, the easier it is to interview for a job, converse with anyone and everyone, and the more fun reading is.
People rarely feel lukewarm about writing. They either love it or hate it, but no matter how you feel, writing skill is important to everyone. In school we have to write reports and essays - all the way through college writing is a necessary skill. Writing is necessary for job applications, even for some jobs. Emails to our friends and family require literacy in writing. It's certainly not necessary to be an exceptional writer, but it is necessary to be good enough.